Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure RO-2021-19/1935 – measures in Romania
|Country||Romania , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 05 May 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Flexibilisation and security
|Author||Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||06 July 2021 (updated 15 July 2021)|
The telework contracts number have exploded after the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. According to the data provided by the Labour Inspection, there were 50.577 individual labor contracts with a teleworking clause in March 2020, but their number has reached 383.300 in December 2020 and 394.415 in March 2021. Although Romania has adopted a Telework Law back in 2018 (Law no 81/2018), several aspects needs to be flexibilised in order to support the use of telework. Against this background, the Government adopted an emergency ordinance (GEO 36/2021) which introduced amendments aimed mainly at regulating use of electronic signatures in labour relationships and simplifying conduct of teleworking.
The GEO 36/2021 provides that the parties to an individual employment contract or addendum may choose to use the advanced electronic signature accompanied by an electronic time stamp when signing the documents. Such documents may be electronically archived by the employer and shall be made available to the competent control bodies at their request.
GEO 36/2021 also modifies the definition of telework by eliminating the requirement that the employee's activity be carried out under the teleworking regime at least one day per month (as provided by Law 81/2018). The obligation to mention in the individual employment contract the place / places for carrying out the telework activity has been eliminated.
In addition, the right of employers to verify teleworker activity has been introduced. Such verification can mainly be done using information and communication technology.
The measure will apply to the employees carrying telework in accordance with the Telework Law 81/2018. Data of the Labour Inspection indicate that in March 2021 the number of telework contracts was 394,415. The number of telework may increase in the future.
Employees in standard employment
||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
All trade unions and employers organizations which are representative at national level have been informed and consulted in the process of elaboration of the measure. Some trade unions (such as National Trade Union/ Blocul National Sindical, BNS) have opposed the measure, which was adopted despite their criticism.
National Trade Union/ Blocul National Sindical, BNS, one of the five trade union confederations representative at national level has argued that the introduction of the advance electronic signature is not opportune, stating that this creates the risk of falsified signatures which may result in a further increase of labor conflicts. BNS also argues that two thirds of the Romanian employees do not hold digital competences, which would allow them to use the electronic signature.
Eurofound (2021), Measures for simplifying conduct of teleworking, measure RO-2021-19/1935 (measures in Romania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/RO-2021-19_1935.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.