Factsheet for case RO-2021-19/1934 – measures in Romania
|Country||Romania , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 05 May 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Flexibilisation and security
|Author||Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania) and Eurofound|
|Case created||06 July 2021 (updated 15 July 2021)|
The Labour law (53/2003) provides that every employer shall prepare an Internal Regulation following the consultation of the trade union/representative of the employees. Internal regulations shall contain provisions regarding the obligations and rights of the employer and employees, criteria for the professional evaluation, health and safety at the workplace etc. In addition, the Labour law provides that the individual working contract must be accompanied by a job description.
The Government considered that such provisions put an additional pressure on employers, especially on small companies and that labour relations shall be based on trust and consensus. Through an emergency ordinance, the Government has eliminated the obligation of the internal regulation and job description for small companies. The flexibilisation of labour relations is considered a form of supporting the micro enterprises to run their businesses and to keep their workforce by diminishing the administrative burden of the employers.
According to the provisions of GEO no. 37/2021, microenterprises (companies with less than nine employees and an annual net turnover or total assets amounting to the RON equivalent of less than €2 million) are no longer under an obligation to conclude job descriptions for their employees. Employers can specify job duties to employees verbally, save the case when employees request in written the job description. In addition, microenterprises do not have to prepare a internal regulations, as provided by the Labour Code (law 53/2003) Also the daily timekeeping for this employees will be mutually agreed upon via written agreement by the employer and its employees.
The text of the emergency ordinance mentions a number of approximately 500,000 micro-enterprises that will benefit of this measure. According to the National Institute of Statistics, about 1 million employees were working in 2019 in the companies with 0-9 employees.
Employees in standard employment
||Does not apply to citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
All trade union federations and employers organizations which are representative at national level have been consulted on the measure. Trade unions have opposed the measure and publiclly criticized it.
The trade unions have publicly criticized the measure. National Trade union Block (Blocul National Sindical, BNS), one of the 5 trade union federations which is representative at national level claimed that following the elimination of job description and internal regulations, the employees of micro enterprises will be transformed into slaves. Also, BNS has shown that the measure is against the provisions of the Directive (EU) 2019/1152 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 on transparent and predictable working conditions in the European Union. Principle No 7 of the European Pillar of Social Rights provides that workers have the right to be informed in writing at the start of employment about their rights and obligations resulting from the employment relationship. The trade unions have asked the Obdusman to challenge the text of the emergency ordinance at the Romanian Constitutional Court. Following the trade unions demand, on the 17th May the Romanian Ombdusman has challenged the GEO 37/2021 to the Constitutional Court.
Eurofound (2021), Flexibilisation of labour relations for small companies , case RO-2021-19/1934 (measures in Romania), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.