Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure RO-2020-33/1533 – Updated – measures in Romania
|Country||Romania , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 13 August 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Raluca Dimitriu (European Institute of Romania)|
|Measure added||01 December 2020 (updated 07 February 2022)|
The measure was adopted in the context of support measures to ensure the strengthening of the labour market, while preventing an increase in the unemployment rate at national level, as well as providing a source of income for employees, thus reducing the negative social effects caused by the spread of SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. The aim is to support both employees and employers in the context of the pandemic crisis.
The reduction of working time is regulated by Government Emergency Ordinance no. 132/2020 and Government Decision no. 719/2020, for the approval of the settlement and payment procedure of the amounts granted based on GEO no. 132/2020.
The measure is applicable during the state of emergency/alert/siege, as well as for a period of up to 3 months from the end of the last period in which such a state existed.
By unilateral decision, the employer reduces the working time of employees by a maximum of 50% and pays the salaries according to the hours worked. In addition, employees receive an allowance of 75% of the difference between the gross basic salary according to the individual employment contract and the gross basic salary for the hours actually worked as a result of the reduction in working time. The allowance is paid by the employer, afterwards settled from the unemployment insurance budget. So the impact of the measure is divided between: the state, which pays the allowance, the employer - which pays the salary corresponding to a part-time job and the wage earners - whose revenues can go down to 87.5% of normal salary.
The measure to reduce working time and corresponding salary must affect at least 10% of the number of employees in the company. The reduction in activity must be justified by a decrease in turnover by at least 10% compared to the same month of the previous year. During the application of the measure, the employer is prohibited from operating collective redundancies or hiring staff in positions similar to those of employees whose working hours have been reduced.
According to the Ministry of Labour, approximately 700,000 people benefit from the new measures adopted by the Government, the budgetary impact being estimated at RON 2.4 billion. The measure is hoped to help keep companies active, given that between March and November 2020 - 13,460 companies have been dissolved nationally, down 30% from the corresponding period in 2019. Until December 2020, RON16 million have been reimbursed by the state through employment agencies, out of which RON 2 million to the HORECA sector.
Employees in standard employment
||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
From the outset, the measure received the support of most of the employers' organizations and business organizations in Romania. On the other hand, Cartel Alfa and the National Trade Union Bloc have drawn up a list of objected objections , starting from the fact that the decision is taken unilaterally by the employer, without consulting the trade unions, and especially that the announcement of employees can be made only one day before apply the reduction of the work schedule. The Draft Law for approving the Government Emergency Ordinance no. 132/2020 is pending adoption, having already passed by the Senate. The Draft Law was [approved positively] (http://www.cdep.ro/proiecte/2020/500/50/2/ces727.pdf) by most of the social partners represented in the Economic and Social Council.
During the public debate “Romania returns to work! Flexicurity and digitalization in the context of new trends in the Romanian labor market!” , that took place in June 2020, the representatives of the trade union and employer confederations appreciated that such a mechanism, which encourages labor relations and their maintenance, would be useful, but it should be agreed, through an agreement, by the Government, the trade union confederations and the employers' confederations.
Eurofound (2020), Kurzarbeit: New short working time adopted, measure RO-2020-33/1533 (measures in Romania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/RO-2020-33_1533.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.