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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure RO-2020-33/1397 – measures in Romania

Benefits for employees

Beneficii pentru angajati

Country Romania , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 10 August 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
Author Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania) and Eurofound
Measure added 04 November 2020 (updated 23 November 2020)

Background information

In the current pandemic, during the state of emergency or alert, the government had to adopt a series of measures to restrict economic activities, in order to protect the citizens’ health. These measures have had a number of negative consequences for companies and employees, by reducing revenues or losing jobs. The measures adopted by the current emergency ordinance stimulate people to be active in the labor market and encourage employers to use alternative forms of work.

Content of measure

The government is expanding the list of employees categories that receive state allowances due to the decrease of activity during the pandemic. Thus, the new regulations refer to the benefits paid from the unemployment insurance budget to compensate for loss of salary income as a result of reduced working hours, the measure also applies to apprentices or day laborers (35% of the daily income is granted from the state budget, for a three-month period, under certain conditions) or loss of income from work, in the case of professionals or persons who have concluded individual employment contracts for a determined period of up to three months (41.5% of the average gross salary income for 2020; the average gross salary income is RON 5,429 or €1,100).

Use of measure

The current normative act (GEO 132/2020) can stop the termination of employment contracts (according to the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, on 28 May 2020 the number of individual labor agreements terminated was 429,585), provides immediate support to stimulate the employment of people who have lost their jobs or were unable to get employed and who are subject to the risk of social exclusion. Failure to adopt these measures could negatively affect the daily living income of approximately 600,000 employees and professionals. Estimated costs of all proposed measures stipulated by GEO 132/2020: RON 4,321,260 (€ 888,130).

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Trade unions
Employers' organisations
Company / Companies
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
Public employment service
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


The involvement of social actors was achieved through repeated consultations within the Economic and Social Council, which has in its composition representatives of employers' organisations, trade unions, NGOs, civil society. This body has an advisory role regarding the normative activity of the Parliament and the Government.

Views and reactions

The Economic and Social Council had a series of consultations on this normative act, the opinions of its representatives being among the most diverse. Thus, some representatives of trade unions, employers and NGOs gave a favorable opinion, others had comments on the need to provide incentives during the state of alert, resolving contradictions that lead to violations of contractual obligations, lack of clarity of some provisions, etc. However, there were also representatives who gave an unfavorable vote to the normative act, motivated by the lack of all the necessary approvals from the ministries involved.


  • 07 August 2020: EMERGENCY ORDINANCE no. 132 of 7 August 2020 on support measures for employees and employers in the context of the epidemiological situation caused by the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, as well as for stimulating employment growth (


Eurofound (2020), Benefits for employees , measure RO-2020-33/1397 (measures in Romania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

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