Factsheet for case RO-2020-32/1405 – measures in Romania
|Country||Romania , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 04 August 2020 – 31 December 2023|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Supporting businesses to get back to normal
– Enhancing employability and training
|Author||Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania) and Eurofound|
|Case created||05 November 2020 (updated 06 November 2020)|
At European level, the digital economy creates five jobs for every two lost "offline" jobs, estimating that half of the increase in productivity comes from investments in ICT. There are gaps between Romania and the EU, especially in terms of access to next generation networks and the general use of the Internet and digital skills - which is reflected in the low number of online transactions. Less than a third of the population aged 16-74 years in Romania has basic digital skills. Despite the increase in the percentage of ICT specialists, they represent a smaller proportion of the workforce compared to the EU as a whole (2.1%, compared to 3.7%). Only 8% of SMEs sell online, and only 9% of Romanian companies use social networks (compared to the EU average of 17%). Today, in the current pandemic context, the reorientation of businesses towards the online environment and the increase of digital literacy of employees can ensure the survival of enterprises, an increased competitiveness and maintaining jobs and employment. These needs are addressed through the two approved national programs.
By Government Decision no. 599/July 2020, the National Program “Digital skills for employees in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises sector” (Programul național “Competențe digitale pentru angajații din sectorul întreprinderilor mici și mijlocii”) was approved, funded under the Human Capital Operational Program 2014-2020.
Through this program, employees of SMEs operating in economic sectors with competitive potential will be able to receive funding for participation in training programs in digital skills domain. The Program value is RON 96,880 thousand (€20,000,000 - of which the EU contribution is €17,000,000 and the national contribution is €3,000,000).
In addition to this, through the “National program for the digitalization of micro, small and medium enterprises” (Programul National de digitalizare a microintreprinderilor, a intreprinderilor mici si mijlocii), micro, small and medium enterprises in non-IT sectors, from the eight development regions of Romania, will be able to receive financing for the digitalization of their activity, in order to increase competitiveness. The Program value is RON 726 million (€150 million), of which the EU contribution is 85% and the national contribution is 15% (GEO no. 677/August 2020).
No available data.
Employees in standard employment
One person or microenterprises
|Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Not available information on the issue.
Eurofound (2020), Digital training of SMEs employees, case RO-2020-32/1405 (measures in Romania), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, http://eurofound.link/covid19eupolicywatch
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.