Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure RO-2020-32/1405 – measures in Romania
|Country||Romania , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 04 August 2020 – 31 December 2023|
|Context||COVID-19, Digital Transformation|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Author||Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania)|
|Measure added||05 November 2020 (updated 06 November 2020)|
At European level, the digital economy creates five jobs for every two lost "offline" jobs, estimating that half of the increase in productivity comes from investments in ICT. There are gaps between Romania and the EU, especially in terms of access to next generation networks and the general use of the Internet and digital skills - which is reflected in the low number of online transactions. Less than a third of the population aged 16-74 years in Romania has basic digital skills. Despite the increase in the percentage of ICT specialists, they represent a smaller proportion of the workforce compared to the EU as a whole (2.1%, compared to 3.7%). Only 8% of SMEs sell online, and only 9% of Romanian companies use social networks (compared to the EU average of 17%). Today, in the current pandemic context, the reorientation of businesses towards the online environment and the increase of digital literacy of employees can ensure the survival of enterprises, an increased competitiveness and maintaining jobs and employment. These needs are addressed through the two approved national programs.
By Government Decision no. 599/July 2020, the National Program “Digital skills for employees in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises sector” (Programul național “Competențe digitale pentru angajații din sectorul întreprinderilor mici și mijlocii”) was approved, funded under the Human Capital Operational Program 2014-2020.
Through this program, employees of SMEs operating in economic sectors with competitive potential will be able to receive funding for participation in training programs in digital skills domain. The Program value is RON 96,880 thousand (€20,000,000 - of which the EU contribution is €17,000,000 and the national contribution is €3,000,000).
In addition to this, through the “National program for the digitalisation of micro, small and medium enterprises” (Programul National de digitalizare a microintreprinderilor, a intreprinderilor mici si mijlocii), micro, small and medium enterprises in non-IT sectors, from the eight development regions of Romania, will be able to receive financing for the digitalisation of their activity, in order to increase competitiveness. The Program value is RON 726 million (€150 million), of which the EU contribution is 85% and the national contribution is 15% (GEO no. 677/August 2020).
No available data.
Employees in standard employment
One person or microenterprises
|Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Not available information on the issue.
Eurofound (2020), Digital training of SMEs employees, measure RO-2020-32/1405 (measures in Romania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/RO-2020-32_1405.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.