Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure RO-2020-23/923 – measures in Romania
|Country||Romania , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 June 2020 – 31 December 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
|Author||Victoria Stoiciu (European Institute of Romania)|
|Measure added||05 July 2020 (updated 22 July 2020)|
The state paid the so-called technical unemployment during the state of emergency to the employees working in sectors/companies affected by the COVID-19 crisis and whose labour contracts have been suspended. However, after the end of the state of emergency and the relaxation of restrictions, several businesses continue to face financial difficulties, which might result in increasing unemployment. In order to support the employers in maintaining the workplaces, and to prevent raising of unemployment, the state offers financial support to employers who have had suspended the labor contracts of their employees during the state of emergency or applied for technical unemployment.
Starting with 1 June 2020, the state will cover a percentage equal to 41.5% of the wage of those employees who previously have benefited from technical unemployment or whose labour contracts have been suspended during the state of emergency. The measure will be implemented for a period of three months. The share of wage paid by the state cannot exceed 41.5% of the national gross average wage. Employers that access this measure are obliged to maintain the working relation with the employees whose wages are co-paid by the state until 31 December 2020. The only exception from this provision are the seasonal workers, with temporary contracts.
The Government estimates that 750,000 employees could benefit of this measure.
Employees in standard employment
||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal||Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The social partners have been consulted on the design of the measure. The social partners are not involved in implementing and monitoring the measure. Their involvement in designing the measure is required by institutional setting.
No public positions expressed on the measure by social partners. As a rule, the absence of criticism means the social partners agree with the content of the measure.
Eurofound (2020), Support to employers in keeping the workplaces, measure RO-2020-23/923 (measures in Romania), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/RO-2020-23_923.html
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