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Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure PT-2022-41/3056 Updated – measures in Portugal

Strengthening the programme 'Support for gas-intensive industries'

Reforço do programa 'Apoiar as Indústrias Intensivas em Gás'

Country Portugal , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 05 October 2022 – 31 December 2023
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Support for energy bills
Author Heloísa Perista (CESIS)
Measure added 15 February 2023 (updated 25 April 2024)

Background information

The Council of Ministers approved the Energy to Move Forward plan, through the Resolution of the Council of Ministers 87/2022, of 4 October. This measure establishes support mechanisms for companies dealing with rising energy prices.

The budget for this measure is €1.4 billion. The budget will help companies combat rising energy prices and mitigate the effects of inflation.

The current geopolitical context requires policies that respond to economic disruption and the effects of rising energy costs. The response to this increase in costs is also linked to the government's promotion of the digital and climate transition, the reduction of carbon emissions and the use of new technologies in the manufacturing of sustainable products.

Other related measures in the EU PolicyWatch include Support to the social sector and Strengthening the programme "Support for gas-intensive industries" .

Content of measure

The plan increases the maximum support that a company can receive from €400,000 to €500,000 and the support rate over the eligible cost from 30% to 40%. These changes also apply retroactively to previously submitted applications. Along with this support, companies are also eligible to receive:

  • Up to €2 million if they have particularly high increases in the acquisition costs of natural gas.
  • Up to €5 million if they have operating losses that are inhibiting their ability to stay in business.

The measure increases the appropriation allocated to the incentives system to €220 million. This is funded by the reimbursements from beneficiaries of European funds. The measure also increases the incentives scheme for agro-food processing companies to €15 million.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

25 May 2023

On 25 May 2023, the Ministry of Economy and Sea published a memo in which it clarifies that the legal instruments and support mechanisms for companies to compensation for exceptional increases in costs related to the price of natural gas natural gas price remain in force.

However, IAPMEI will not launch any new applications after 30 June 2023 due to the sharp drop in the price of gas in recent months.

28 January 2023

Continuing to comply with the measures set out in Council of Ministers Resolution 87/2022, of 4 October, regarding the incentive system 'Supporting Gas-Intensive Industries', Decree-Law 6/2023 of 27 January establishes the creation of a second form of support, essentially aimed at mitigating the effects of sharp increases in the price of natural gas, which is called 'Supporting 2M Gas-Intensive Industries'.

A third type of support is also created, called "Supporting gas-intensive industries 5M", which aims to promote the continuation of the economic activity of energy-intensive companies with operating losses.

Use of measure

According to the Público newspaper on 25 May 2023, the IAPMEI (Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation) programme has awarded €85 million in subsidies to companies in various sectors in the past year.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Social partners were involed in the Tripartite Permanent Commission of Social Concertation (CPCS). This group includes government representatives; representatives of employer confederations, i.e., the Entrepreneurial Confederation of Portugal (CIP), the Confederation of Commerce and Services of Portugal (CCP), the Confederation of Farmers of Portugal (CAP), and the Confederation of Portuguese Tourism (CTP); and the representatives of trade union confederations, i.e., the General Confederation of Portuguese Workers (CGTP) and the General Union of Workers (UGT).

Views and reactions

The Portuguese Confederation of Micro, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises believes that the government insists on the indebtedness of companies. At a time when many companies cannot cope with the increase in operating costs, the measures announced by the Government, "not only ignore them absolutely, but what they put forward most significantly, corresponds to €900 million of indebtedness in a broad manner for all companies".



Eurofound (2023), Strengthening the programme 'Support for gas-intensive industries', measure PT-2022-41/3056 (measures in Portugal), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.