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Factsheet for measure PT-2021-25/1974 – measures in Portugal

Annual report on the evolution of collective bargaining 2020

Relatório Anual sobre a evolução da negociação coletiva em 2020

Country Portugal , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 18 June 2021
Context COVID-19
Type Bipartite collective agreements
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Other
Author Heloisa Perista and Maria da Paz Campos Lima (CESIS) and Eurofound
Measure added 19 July 2021 (updated 21 July 2021)

Background information

The Annual Report on the evolution of Collective Bargaining in 2020 [Relatório Anual sobre a evolução da negociação coletiva em 2020] published by Ministry of Labour, Solidarity and Social Security (MTSSS) and by the Centre of Labour Relations (CRL) - presents the evolution of collective bargaining in quantitative and qualitative terms during the year 2020.

Content of measure

The annual report provides information about the evolution of collective bargaining in the private and in the public sector looking at the number of collective agreements signed, their type and coverage and examining specific thematic issues and the content of agreements. PRIVATE sector and state owned companies:

Four sectors sum 79.3% of the collective agreements signed in 2020:

  • the sector C - Manufacturing industry (26.6%) with predominance of sub sector agreements;
  • the sector K - Financial and Insurance Activities (8.9%), with 11 company agreements in a total of 15;
  • the sector G - Retail trade (11.8%), with 15 sub sector agreements in a total of 20;
  • and the sector (H) Transport and storage (32.0%), with 52 company agreements in a total of 54.

The report provides general information on broad thematic more in-depth information about the content of collective agreements concerning the following topics: scope of application; duration and organization of working time; qualification of workers; equality; performance evaluation; social benefits and supplementary pension schemes; rights of workers representative structures; and also the right to the protection of personal data and its connection to personality rights. A chapter is also dedicated specific to the effects of the 2019 legislative changes on collective bargaining, with particular focus on two topics: trial period and hiring with basis on short-term contracts.

Use of measure

Report evaluating developments in collective bargaining.


  • Basic working time
  • Bonuses
  • Health and safety
  • Leave arrangements
  • Other topics
  • Pay increases
  • Social protection, incl. pension
  • Telework
  • Training and employability
  • Working time flexibility

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Trade unions
Employers' organisations
Company / Companies
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Sectoral or branch level


The report refers to collective bargaining in the private sector involving trade unions and employer associations (multi-employer bargaining) or companies (single employer bargaining; and to collective bargaining in the public sector involving central and local administration.

Views and reactions

Non applicable.



Eurofound (2021), Annual report on the evolution of collective bargaining 2020, measure PT-2021-25/1974 (measures in Portugal), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

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