Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure PT-2020-14/1107 – measures in Portugal
|Country||Portugal , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 April 2020|
|Type||Bipartite collective agreements|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
|Author||Heloisa Perista and Maria da Paz Campos Lima (CESIS) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||11 September 2020 (updated 25 September 2020)|
The report 'Regulamentação coletiva de trabalho publicada no 2º Trimestre 2020' by the Ministry of Labour, Solidarity and Social Security/DGERT July 2020, maps the number of collective agreements published in the 2nd quarter of 2020, the number of workers potentially covered and the level wages fixed by collective bargaining in this period.
The report highlights that compared with the 2nd quarter of 2020, during the pandemic crisis, only 48 collective agreements were published, representing a decrease by 60%, compared with the 2nd quarter 2019.
The lower number of published agreements is reflected in the number of workers covered by agreements, which in the 2nd quarter of 2020 are less than a third of those registered in 2019, 100,828 and 355,219 employees, respectively. The manufacturing industry is the sector with more workers covered (71,093) representing 70.5% of the workers covered by updated agreements in this period. The report looks at wage bargaining in this period. The average monthly agreed wage in manufacturing industry of €730.15 was below the global average (including all the other sectors). In the manufacturing sector, as in the large majority of sectors with agreements signed in this period, the lowest wage agreed level corresponded exactly to the mandatory monthly minimum wage of €635.
The workers potentially covered by collective agreements in the 2nd quarter of 2020 are around 100,828.
Employees in standard employment
||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The report focus on collective agreements (sector and company agreements) and results of wage bargaining, negotiated between employers organisations or single employers and unions. Collective agreements in Portugal have the force of law. The role of the government relates to the extension of the agreements once the signatory parties request such extension.
By definition collective agreements outcomes reflect consensus between signatory parties.
Eurofound (2020), Collective agreements published in the second quarter 2020, measure PT-2020-14/1107 (measures in Portugal), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/PT-2020-14_1107.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.