European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure PT-2020-14/1107 – measures in Portugal

Collective agreements published in the second quarter 2020

Regulamentação coletiva de trabalho publicada no 2º Trimestre 2020

Country Portugal , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 01 April 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Bipartite collective agreements
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Other
Author Heloisa Perista and Maria da Paz Campos Lima (CESIS) and Eurofound
Measure added 11 September 2020 (updated 25 September 2020)

Background information

The report 'Regulamentação coletiva de trabalho publicada no 2º Trimestre 2020' by the Ministry of Labour, Solidarity and Social Security/DGERT July 2020, maps the number of collective agreements published in the 2nd quarter of 2020, the number of workers potentially covered and the level wages fixed by collective bargaining in this period.

Content of measure

The report highlights that compared with the 2nd quarter of 2020, during the pandemic crisis, only 48 collective agreements were published, representing a decrease by 60%, compared with the 2nd quarter 2019.

The lower number of published agreements is reflected in the number of workers covered by agreements, which in the 2nd quarter of 2020 are less than a third of those registered in 2019, 100,828 and 355,219 employees, respectively. The manufacturing industry is the sector with more workers covered (71,093) representing 70.5% of the workers covered by updated agreements in this period. The report looks at wage bargaining in this period. The average monthly agreed wage in manufacturing industry of €730.15 was below the global average (including all the other sectors). In the manufacturing sector, as in the large majority of sectors with agreements signed in this period, the lowest wage agreed level corresponded exactly to the mandatory monthly minimum wage of €635.

Use of measure

The workers potentially covered by collective agreements in the 2nd quarter of 2020 are around 100,828.


  • Pay increases

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Trade unions
Employers' organisations
Company / Companies
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Sectoral or branch level


The report focus on collective agreements (sector and company agreements) and results of wage bargaining, negotiated between employers organisations or single employers and unions. Collective agreements in Portugal have the force of law. The role of the government relates to the extension of the agreements once the signatory parties request such extension.

Views and reactions

By definition collective agreements outcomes reflect consensus between signatory parties.


  • 01 July 2020: Regulamentação coletiva de trabalho publicada no 2º Trimestre de 202 (


Eurofound (2020), Collective agreements published in the second quarter 2020, measure PT-2020-14/1107 (measures in Portugal), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

19 May 2022


Working life in the COVID-19 pandemic 2021

This publication consists of individual country reports on working life during 2021 for 28 countries (the 27 EU Member States and Norway).


24 June 2020


COVID-19: Policy responses across Europe

This report aims to present an overview of both large-scale government measures and collective agreements that impact on large groups of workers.

16 June 2022


COVID-19 in the workplace: Employer's responsibility to ensure a safe workplace

Throughout 2021, the second year of the COVID-19 pandemic, specific occupational health and safety rules were reintroduced due to increases in infection rates.


16 June 2022


Back to work after COVID-19: Testing, vaccines and green certificates

In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.