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Factsheet for measure PT-2006-44/2465 – measures in Portugal

Partial unemployment benefit

Subsídio de Desemprego Parcial

Country Portugal , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 03 November 2006
Context Restructuring Support Instruments
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
Author Paula Carrilho (CESIS)
Measure added 23 June 2022 (updated 20 October 2022)

Background information

The Decree-Law 220/2006 of 3 November create the partial unemployment benefit (subsidio de desemprego parcial). This measure emerges from the need to sustain the increase in employment rates and the maintenance of low unemployment rates, within the framework of the objectives defined in the Lisbon Strategy, and, consequently, of the National Action Programme for Growth and Employment, where is part of the National Employment Plan.

Content of measure

The partial unemployment benefit allowance is equal to the difference between the standard monthly unemployment insurance benefit (increased by 35%), and the amount of earnings resulting from the activity as employee. In case of self-employed activity, the monthly allowance corresponds to the difference between the amount of the unemployment insurance benefit increased by 35%, and 1/12 of the annual taxable income resulting from this self-employed activity.

Are eligible for this benefit the beneficiaries receiving or claiming unemployment benefit who begin to work as employees with a part-time contract or as self-employed.

For example: A beneficiary who receives €500 unemployment benefit and will work part-time with a remuneration of €350.

  • Calculate 35% for the unemployment allowance €500 x 0.35 = €175.
  • Add this value to the amount of unemployment benefits €175 + €500 = €675.
  • Subtract the amount of salary for part-time work. The result is the monthly amount of the partial unemployment benefit that the beneficiary is entitled to €675 - €350 = €325.

The duration of the partial unemployment benefit is the same of the part-time contract or as self-employed, but is limited to the time for which it is expected to receive the unemployment benefit.

Partial unemployment benefit can be enhanced through compensation payments and pensions for occupational risks.

Use of measure

Over the last years the number of unemployed people who have benefited from this measure have been decreasing: in 2019, 10,941 people have benefited from partial unemployment benefit, 220 less than in 2018 and 3,506 less than in 2015 (representing a decrease of 2% and 32%, respectively).

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Public employment service
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Unknown Unknown
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown



Views and reactions




Eurofound (2022), Partial unemployment benefit, measure PT-2006-44/2465 (measures in Portugal), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.