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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure PL-2022-9/2336 Updated – measures in Poland

Extension of temporary residence permits and visas for Ukrainians

Przedłużenie zezwoleń na pobyt czasowy i wiz dla obywateli Ukrainy

Country Poland , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 24 February 2022 – 23 August 2023
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
Author Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics)
Measure added 19 May 2022 (updated 02 March 2023)

Background information

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine. As a result of the Russian aggression, many Ukrainian refugees fled to Poland.

On 12 March 2022, the special act regarding Ukrainian refugees (Dz.U. 2022 poz. 583) entered into force, with effect from 24 February 2022. Its aim is to provide assistance to Ukrainians escaping the territory of Ukraine due to armed conflict.

Content of measure

This measure applies to every Ukrainian citizen, regardless of age and gender, who had lived in Poland before 24 February 2022 on the basis of national visas or temporary residence permits. If the last day of their legal stay was on February 24 and later, the above-mentioned documents are extended until December 31, 2022. According to the law, they will not be given a refugee status, thus any further measures specified in the special act regarding Ukrainian refugees do not apply to them. The enacted law allows Ukrainians with residence permits and visas to legally remain in Poland for up to 18 months.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

28 January 2023

On 28 January, an amendment to the special act regarding Ukrainian refugees entered into force.

The amendment unifies the regulations that the date 24 of August 2023 will be the expiry date for visas and permits held by Ukrainian citizens before 24 February 2022.

From 1 April 2023, Ukrainian citizens holding a social security number (PESEL) will be able to apply for a temporary residence and work permit, a residence and work permit in a highly qualified occupation (EU Blue Card) or a permit to carry out business activities.

Use of measure

No information available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Migrants or refugees

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Unknown Unknown
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: N/A



Views and reactions



  • 12 March 2022: Ustawa z dnia 12 marca 2022 r. o pomocy obywatelom Ukrainy w związku z konfliktem zbrojnym na terytorium tego państwa (
  • 30 January 2023: Amendment to the law on assistance to Ukrainian citizens in connection with the armed conflict on the territory of this state (


Eurofound (2022), Extension of temporary residence permits and visas for Ukrainians, measure PL-2022-9/2336 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.