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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure PL-2022-9/2243 Updated – measures in Poland

Benefits for people who help to house and feed refugees

Świadczenia dla osób, które pomagają w zakwaterowaniu i wyżywieniu uchodźców

Country Poland , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 24 February 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Provision of services in kind (e.g. food vouchers)
Author Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics)
Measure added 11 May 2022 (updated 25 July 2023)

Background information

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine. As a result of Russian aggression, many Ukrainian refugees fled to Poland.

On 12 March 2022, the special act regarding Ukrainian refugees (Dz.U. 2022 poz. 583) entered into force. The aim of this measure is to provide assistance to Ukrainians escaping Ukraine due to the war.

On 27 April 2022, the amending act introduced further details and rules for some type of assistance.

Content of measure

Any entity or person who provides accommodation and food to Ukrainian citizens free of charge in their own household may be granted, at their request, a cash benefit of PLN 40 (€8.5) per person per day. According to the amending act of 27 April 2022, the individual benefiting from the cash assistance must have a social insurance (PESEL) number. The cash benefit is granted for a maximum of 120 days from the date of arrival of a Ukrainian citizen to Poland. Previously, the maximum time period covered by this benefit was 60 days. However, the amending act, which entered into force on 29 April 2022, extended the amount of days when the cash benefit is payable.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

23 June 2022

At the end of June, the government has announced that the extension of the benefits for more than 120 days will be possible in the case of people with disabilities, seniors, pregnant women, people caring for children up to 12 months of age and those who care for at least three children.

Use of measure

No information available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Migrants or refugees
Other groups of citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Local / regional government
Local funds
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Unknown Unknown
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown



Views and reactions



  • 12 March 2022: Ustawa z dnia 12 marca 2022 r. o pomocy obywatelom Ukrainy w związku z konfliktem zbrojnym na terytorium tego państwa (
  • 06 May 2022: PESEL requirement for the provision of PLN 40 per day of accommodation for a Ukrainian (
  • 29 May 2022: Ustawa o zmianie ustawy o pomocy obywatelom Ukrainy w związku z konfliktem zbrojnym na terytorium tego państwa (
  • 23 June 2022: Szefernaker: Rząd nie przestaje wspierać rodzin, które pomagają uchodźcom z Ukrainy (


Eurofound (2022), Benefits for people who help to house and feed refugees, measure PL-2022-9/2243 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.