Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure PL-2022-9/2243 – Updated – measures in Poland
|Country||Poland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 24 February 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Provision of services in kind (e.g. food vouchers)
|Author||Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||11 May 2022 (updated 19 September 2022)|
On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine. As a result of Russian aggression, many Ukrainian refugees fled to Poland.
On 12 March 2022, the special act regarding Ukrainian refugees (Dz.U. 2022 poz. 583) entered into force, with effect from 24 February 2022. Its aim is to provide assistance to Ukrainians escaping the territory of Ukraine due to armed conflict.
On 27 April 2022, the amending act introduced further details and rules for some type of assistance.
Any entity or person, who provides accommodation and food to Ukrainian citizens free of charge in their own household, may be granted, at their request, a cash benefit of PLN 40 (approx. €8.5) per person per day. According to the amending act of 27 April 2022, the refugee benefiting from the cash assistance must have a social insurance (PESEL) number. The cash benefit is granted no longer than for the period of 120 days from the date of arrival of a Ukrainian citizen to Poland. Previously, the maximum time period covered 60 days. However, the amending act, which entered into force on 29 April 2022, extended the amount of days when the cash benefit is payable.
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|23 June 2022||
At the end of June, the government has announced that the extension of the benefits for more than 120 days will be possible in the case of people with disabilities, seniors, pregnant women, people caring for children up to 12 months of age and those who care for at least three children.
No information available.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Other groups of citizens
Local / regional government
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), Benefits for people who help to house and feed refugees, measure PL-2022-9/2243 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/PL-2022-9_2243.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.