European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure PL-2022-9/2216 – measures in Poland

Access to healthcare for Ukrainian refugees

Dostęp do opieki zdrowotnej dla ukraińskich uchodźców

Country Poland , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 24 February 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Measures to prevent social hardship
– Access to healthcare
Author Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics)
Measure added 06 May 2022 (updated 20 June 2022)

Background information

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine. As a result of the Russian aggression, many Ukrainian refugees fled to Poland.

On 12 March 2022, the special act regarding Ukrainian refugees (Dz.U. 2022 poz. 583) entered into force, with effect from 24 February 2022. Its aim is to provide assistance to Ukrainians escaping the territory of Ukraine due to armed conflict.

Content of measure

All Ukrainian citizens that entered Poland on or after 24 February 2022 and whose stay on the territory of the Republic of Poland is legalized are entitled to medical services and provision of healthcare on the same terms and to the same extent that persons covered by compulsory or voluntary health insurance in Poland.

This measure does not cover health resort treatment and rehabilitation, as well as the administration of medicinal products issued to beneficiaries under health policy programmes of the minister competent for health care. It covers additional psychological help. The health care services will be provided by healthcare providers on the basis of contracts for the provision of health care services and by pharmacies on the basis of contracts for the implementation of prescriptions concluded with the National Health Fund (Narodowy Fundusz Zdrowia). The costs of health care services will be financed by the state budget and are estimated to be PLN 200,000,000 (approx. €43,478,000).

Use of measure

No information available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Migrants or refugees

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Unknown Unknown
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: N/A



Views and reactions


Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      Q - Human Health And Social Work Activities Q86 Human health activities

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 09 March 2022: Kraska: opieka medyczna dla uchodźców z Ukrainy to koszt ok. 200 mln zł miesięcznie (
  • 12 March 2022: Ustawa z dnia 12 marca 2022 r. o pomocy obywatelom Ukrainy w związku z konfliktem zbrojnym na terytorium tego państwa (


Eurofound (2022), Access to healthcare for Ukrainian refugees , measure PL-2022-9/2216 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.