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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure PL-2021-52/2119 Updated – measures in Poland

Obligatory COVID-19 vaccination for selected occupational groups

Obowiązkowe szczepienia przeciwko COVID-19 dla wybranych grup zawodowych

Country Poland , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 23 December 2021 – 01 July 2023
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace
– Occupational health and safety
Author Monika Helak (Polityka Insight) and Eurofound
Measure added 09 January 2022 (updated 10 July 2023)

Background information

The Ministry of Health introduced a formal and binding obligation for persons working in medical occupations, staff working in health care facilities non-performing medical occupations, pharmacists and students of faculties preparing for medical occupations to get fully vaccinated by 1 March 2022.

The medical occupations concerned include:

  • Doctors and dentists
  • Nurses and midwives
  • Paramedics
  • Pharmacists
  • Feldshers 
  • Laboratory diagnosticians
  • Physiotherapists

Content of measure

The Ordinance of the Minister of Health of 22 December 2021 states that all people in active employment belonging to the specifically named occupational groups should be fully vaccinated by 1 March 2022. Full vaccinated is defined as two doses in case of all used vaccines, except for Johnson and Johnson brand for which one dose is sufficient. People who have recovered from COVID-19 (if tested positive for COVID-19 less than six months before the deadline given) and individuals not qualified for vaccination on the basis of official medical record (contraindications) are exempt from the obligation. Those bound by the regulations who refuse to fulfil the obligations risk removal from service and possibly further consequences envisaged by law.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

04 June 2023

According to the draft decree of the Minister of Health on the cancellation of an epidemic emergency in Poland, the obligation to vaccinate against COVID-19 for selected professional groups will be lifted on 1 July 2023.

01 February 2022

As of early February, the situation is still uncertain, despite the Ordinance being in force. It remains to be seen, as of 1 March, whether the obligations are observed or not.

Use of measure

Based on information available on 13 April 2022, 93% doctors were fully vaccinated (an increase of 1 percentage point compared to January 2022), 89% dentists (increase by 1 percentage point), 88% laboratory diagnosticians (increase by 2 percentage point), 85% midwives (increase by 2 percentage point), 84% pharmacists (increase by 1 percentage point), 84% nurses and nurses (increase by 1 percentage point), 79% medical assistants (unchanged) and 76 % physiotherapists (increase by 3 percentage points).

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Particular professions
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Unknown Unknown
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


Social partners do not take a stand. However, five major occupational chambers (physicians, nurses and midwives, physiotherapists, pharmacists and laboratory diagnosticians) endorsed the initiative.

Views and reactions

Occupational chambers are supportive of the initiative.

Sectors and occupations

This case is not sector-specific.

    • Occupation (ISCO level 2)
      Health professionals


  • 20 December 2021: Position of the Medical Occupations Self-government of 20 December 2021 on the proposal to introduce mandatory COVID-19 vaccination for employees in the medical professions (
  • 23 December 2021: Ordinance of the Minister of Health of 22 December 2021 amending the Ordinance on the declaration of an epidemic state on the territory of the Republic of Poland Dz.U. of 2021, item 2398 (


Eurofound (2022), Obligatory COVID-19 vaccination for selected occupational groups, measure PL-2021-52/2119 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.