Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure PL-2021-52/2119 – Updated – measures in Poland
|Country||Poland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 23 December 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace
– Occupational health and safety
|Author||Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||09 January 2022 (updated 31 May 2022)|
After several months of debating the measures that would ensure that certain, essential groups of people in employment are obliged to get vaccinated against COVID-19, the Ministry of Health introduced a formal and binding obligation for persons working in medical occupations, staff working in health care facilities non-performing medical occupations, pharmacists and students of faculties preparing for medical occupations to get fully vaccinated by 1 March 2022.
The medical occupations concerned include:
The Ordinance of the Minister of Health of 22 December 2021 states that all people in active employment belonging to the specifically named occupational groups ought to get fully vaccinated (two doses in case of all used vaccines except for Jonhnson's, where one dose is sufficient) by 1 March 2022. People who have recovered from COVID-19 (if tested positive for COVID-19 less than six months before the deadline given) and persons not qualified for vaccination on the basis of official medical record (contraindications) regarding the COVID-19 vaccines are exempted from the obligation. Those bound by the regulations who nevertheless refuse to fulfill the obligations risk removal from service and possibly further consequences envisaged by law.
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|01 February 2022||
As of early February, the situation is still uncertain, despite the Ordinance being in force. It remains to be seen, as of 1 March, whether the obligations are observed or not.
Based on information available on April 13 2022, 93% doctors were fully vaccinated (an increase of 1 percentage point compared to January 2022), 89 % dentists (increase by 1 percentage point), 88% laboratory diagnosticians (increase by 2 percentage point), 85% midwives (increase by 2 percentage point), 84% pharmacists (increase by 1 percentage point), 84% nurses and nurses (increase by 1 percentage point), 79% medical assistants (unchanged) and 76 % physiotherapists (increase by 3 percentage points).
||Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners per se do not take a stand. However, five major occupational chambers (physicians, nurses and midwives, physiotherapists, pharmacists and laboratory diagnosticians) endorsed the initiative.
Occupational chambers are supportive of the initiative.
This case is not sector-specific.
This case is occupation-specific
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
Eurofound (2022), Obligatory COVID-19 vaccination for selected occupational groups, measure PL-2021-52/2119 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/PL-2021-52_2119.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.