Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure PL-2021-1/1735 – Updated – measures in Poland
|Country||Poland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 January 2021|
|Type||Non-binding recommendations or other texts|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
|Author||Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics)|
|Measure added||20 January 2021 (updated 12 August 2021)|
Following the ongoing second lock-down in force since November, and subsequent deterioration of economic and social conditions, in particular related to effective closing down (or seriously reducing the scale of operations) in dozens of economic branches, business community started to express signs of disappointment and frustration with inadequate scale of public support measures offered. One of the events igniting the anger of micro, small and medium business owners was the modest size of the list of branches (originally only 38 NACE sections named) entitled to support under the Financial Shield 2.0, see case PL-2021-1/1640 .
As a result from December onwards there has been a trend of opening businesses despite sanitary restrictions in place. There were also numerous public pickets organised around the country under the banner of Strajk Przedsiębiorców (Business on Strike), a bottom-up type of social movement of business owners (showing also some political aspirations).
The movement does not have any specific demands. The agenda consists of general postulates such as relaxation of sanitary restrictions, more transparency and predictability in state policies regarding lock-down (the practice of making decision on day-to-day basis is a subject to strong criticism) and more substantial support for the business struggling to survive. Currently, the main action is to compile a list of business intending to seek damages from the government due to introducing sanitary restrictions negatively affecting business operations without proper legal basis (state of emergency has never been introduced in Poland since the first outbreak of COVID-19 and this is the main basis for the business owners to claim the restrictions are actually illegal).
No precise data is available, yet since December (and increasing quickly in January) the number of business opening despite sanitary restrictions in force is on the rise (indicated by growing popularity of #otwieraMy hashtag).
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Applies to all citizens|
Company / Companies
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
There is no official involvement of social partners.
No official views expressed by the social partners.
Eurofound (2021), Business rebellion and controversies surrounding public support for enterprises, measure PL-2021-1/1735 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/PL-2021-1_1735.html
30 January 2023
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.