Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure PL-2020-40/1385 – measures in Poland
|Country||Poland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 30 September 2020|
|Type||Non-binding recommendations or other texts|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Provision of services in kind (e.g. food vouchers)
|Author||Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics)|
|Measure added||02 November 2020 (updated 29 September 2023)|
Following the spring outbreak of COVID-19 and hasty implementation of anti-crisis government policies, virtually no social dialogue at the central level has been taking place. The situation became even more tense after an attempted move by the government to limit the autonomy of the Social Dialogue Council (RDS), the central tripartite body see case PL-2020-13/1158
In late summer the climate started to improve somewhat see case PL-2020-10/1378 and in late September RDS met for the first time in several months, which resulted in a series of bipartite (employee and employers sides, no government) resolutions on vital issues of the body's interest in the current situation. This entry is about the Resolution no. 87. The subject of the Resolution is public aid to be provided to transport companies.
The Resolution 87 includes number of postulates concerning road, railroad, air and maritime transport. The key postulates made are i.e. as follows:
The bipartite resolutions have declaratory power and symbolic meaning only, as government does not have to acknowledge any postulates of social partners expressed in such form.
|Does not apply to workers||
Sector specific set of companies
||Applies to all citizens|
Social partners jointly
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The resolution emerged as a result of the social partner's initiative.
Supportive, as this is their own action.
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|H - Transportation And Storage||H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines|
|H50 Water transport|
|H51 Air transport|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), National-level social partners address economic challenges: transport, measure PL-2020-40/1385 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/PL-2020-40_1385.html
30 January 2023
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12 September 2022
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This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
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