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EU PolicyWatch

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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure PL-2020-20/1156 Updated – measures in Poland

Position of the council for protection of work on safety and protection of health of workers during the pandemic

Stanowisko Rady Ochrony Pracy w sprawie bezpieczeństwa i ochrony zdrowia osób pracujących w czasie epidemii COVID-19

Country Poland , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 12 May 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Non-binding recommendations or other texts
Category Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace
– Occupational health and safety
Author Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics) and Eurofound
Measure added 18 September 2020 (updated 20 October 2021)

Background information

In the early phase of the pandemic, the Council for Protection of Work (ROP) held a meeting focused and health and safety at work challenges posed by the health-crisis. ROP is a multilateral body by the Polish parliament, responsible for voicing opinions and supervising working conditions and activities of National Labour Inspectorate (PIP). The body's core is tripartite (representatives of government, trade unions and employer organisations representative a the national level) supplemented by NGOS, academics and experts.

At the meeting on 12 May 2020 ROP discussed the materials prepared by the public Central Institute for Work Protection (CIOP) and PIP regarding the actual and foreseen impact of COVID-19 on labour market and working conditions.

Content of measure

The meeting concluded with adoption of the position, where number of recommendations for various stakeholders were addressed. Those include:

  1. Disseminating general guidance on reducing the risk of exposure to SARS-CoV-2 in the workplace, using web portals and media with the active participation of workers' and employers' organisations.
  2. Continuing to support employers and employees in mitigating the effects of the epidemic SARS-CoV-2 virus, including safe return to work.
  3. Developing regulations regarding remote work related to the need controlling compliance with labor law, including in the field of health and safety work and the legality of employment.
  4. Supporting activities aimed at undertaking domestic production of protection measures individual to a degree that allows for appropriate satisfaction of needs.

Social partners were named as part of target groups for the recommendations 1, 2 and 3.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

30 April 2021

In late April the Council discussed the data collected by the National Labour Inspectorate in course of workplace inspections (in over 40% of the workplaces approached irregularities in observing the sanitary regulations regarding COVID-19 were discovered).

Use of measure

The position is non-binding, yet the recommendations envisaged therein have been translated to action regarding dissemination of information and preparatory works on implementing the notion of 'remote work' (and relevant regulations) into the Labour Code, as at the moment it is only stipulated (in a very brief and general way) by the the Anti-crisis Shield.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Employers' organisations
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


  • Social partners sit on the ROP, thus their involvement was institutionally determined;
  • All representative social partner organisations were involved;
  • Social partners participated in the meeting and contributed to formulation of the position.

Views and reactions

Social partners' views are certainly supportive, as they took part in the preparations of the position.


  • 12 May 2020: Position of the Council for Protection of Work on safety and Position of the Council for Protection of Work on safety and protection of health of people in employment during COVD-19 pandemics (


Eurofound (2020), Position of the council for protection of work on safety and protection of health of workers during the pandemic, measure PL-2020-20/1156 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.