Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure PL-2004-18/2583 – measures in Poland
|Country||Poland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 May 2004|
|Context||Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Author||Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics)|
|Measure added||23 June 2022 (updated 28 November 2022)|
The instrument aims to improve employability of people most at risk of being unemployed (ie. currently unemployed, people looking for a job and people over 45 years old). The use of the instrument is managed by the local Poviat Labour Office (Powiatowy Urzad Pracy).
Legal reference: Act of 20 April 2004 on employment promotion and labour market institutions (Dz. U. z 2022 r. poz. 690, z późn. zm.)
The Poviat Labour Office (Powiatowy Urzad Pracy) finances training of soft or hard skills for eligible persons. In most cases, the training period covered lasts up to 6 months. The instrument can cover appointment to a training programme, funding of postgraduate studies, loans for financing the training costs and financing exam costs.
The three eligible groups are: the unemployed, selected people who are looking for a job, and people over 45 years old. To receive the funding the applicant has to be registered in the labour office and the office has to decide that training is an appropriate measure to improve applicant's employability.
The scope of financial support depends on a various characteristics of the situation of the applicant. Each trained participant receives a stipend of 120% of unemployment benefit, ca. PLN 1560 (EUR 323). The stipend is lower if the training does not take more than 150 hours a month. Furthermore, an array of other training-related cost can be covered by the instrument. These include transport, medical examinations and accommodation. Public employment services can also give loans to finance training (maximum of 400% of average wage), which should be paid back within during the 18 months after the training.
Training organised by public employment services should last no more than six months (in particular situations, up to 12 months). When an unemployed person is without any qualification, training can last 12 months (in particular situations, up to 24 months).
No systematic monitoring takes place at national level. Sporadic national assessments are conducted by the Supreme Audit Office (NIK).
According to the NIK report presented in 2019, in the years 2014–2017, labour offices throughout Poland most often used activation forms for the unemployed that showed the highest employment effectiveness, understood as remaining in employment for at least 30 days within three months of completing activation, i.e. internships (854,800 activated people), training (510,800 activated people), intervention works (209,700 activated people) and business subsidies (183,000 activated people).
Older people in employment (aged 55+)
|Does not apply to businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Local / regional government
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), Provision of training, measure PL-2004-18/2583 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/PL-2004-18_2583.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.