Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure PL-2004-18/2468 – Updated – measures in Poland
|Country||Poland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 May 2004|
|Context||COVID-19, Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Reorientation of business activities
|Author||Jan Czarzasty (Warsaw School of Economics) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||23 June 2022 (updated 25 November 2022)|
Monitored dismissals: The main objective of this instrument is to provide job placement and improve the employability of the redundant employee through training and other services.
Legal reference: Act of 20 April 2004 on employment promotion and labour market institutions.
Solidarity allowance: The goal of the measure was to ensure financial security for workers who lost their jobs during the pandemic-induced recession. It was also introduced to induce people to focus on improving skills useful on the labour market during the time they spent outside of it. This measure is no longer active.
Legal reference: Act of 19 June 2020 on Act on solidarity allowance granted to counteract the negative effects of COVID-19.
Monitored dismissals: the programme applies to redundant workers in firms where the employer aims to dismiss at least 50 workers within a three month period. These firms are obliged to agree with the Poviat Labour Office (Powiatowy Urząd Pracy) on the range and forms of support to be made available for redundant workers. The programme can be financed by the employer, or co-financed by employer and public authorities, or other organisations, based on an agreement with the employer.
Training can be provided to the laid-off employee that lasts up to 6 months after the dismissal date and the costs of which should be equivalent to the employee's monthly remuneration when on holiday leave, but should not exceed 200% of the national monthly minimum wage: PLN 3,010 in 2022 (EUR 638). The help consists of job outplacement service, vocational counselling, training and assistance in active job search.
Solidarity allowance was a temporary solution introduced in June 2020. The instrument covered all redundant workers who were employed on the basis of contract of employment for at least 90 days in 2020. The amount of the allowance was PLN 1,400 (€318) and for anyone who meets the eligibility criteria. After the expiry of the 3 months receiving the solidarity allowance, the employee was entitled to regular unemployment benefit (provided that they met the criteria).
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|25 November 2022||
As per the Act of 19 June 2020 on Act on solidarity allowance granted to counteract the negative effects of COVID-19, the solidarity allowance was not prolonged and applications were only accepted until the end of August 2020.
As of 13 August 2020, 185 000 of solidarity allowance benefits were paid in the total amount of almost PLN 246, 000 000 (EUR 55,909,000). No effectiveness/uptake data was found on monitored dismissals.
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Local / regional government
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), Training and retraining for workers threatened by redundancies, measure PL-2004-18/2468 (measures in Poland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/PL-2004-18_2468.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.