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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure NO-2020-14/1083 – measures in Norway

Tripartite educational programmes for the laid off and the unemployed

Treparts bransjeprogrammer for kompetanseutvikling

Country Norway , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 03 April 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Other initiatives or policies
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
Author Aasmund Arup Seip, FAFO and Eurofound
Measure added 09 September 2020

Background information

In a situation were a record number have been laid off, and some have also lost their jobs, the government and the social partners agreed to use the redundancy period to increase the competence of the employees. To counteract the consequences of the economic crisis following the COVID-19 pandemic, the government proposed on 3 April 2020 to spend NOK 100 million (approx. €9.3 million) on tripartite industry programs for skills development. It is the employers’ and employees’ organisations that together define which educations and trainings are relevant in their industries.

Content of measure

As part of the government’s competence package to counteract the consequences of the economic crisis following the COVID-19 pandemic, the government and the social partners agreed to establish six more tripartite industry programs for skills development. The industry programs are tailor-made educational offers that are developed in a collaboration between the social partners and educational institutions. It is a cost-sharing approach where the state pays for the development and operation of relevant offers at vocational schools or universities and colleges, while companies and individual employees invest their time. It is the employers and employees' organizations, that together define which educations and trainings are relevant in their industries. These were the new industry programs:

  • The tourism industry
  • Retail
  • The hairdressing industry
  • The food and beverage industry
  • The construction industry
  • Electrical / automation and renewable energy / power industry

Use of measure

No information to date.

Contents

  • Training and employability

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Unemployed
Sector specific set of companies
Larger corporations
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Social partners jointly
Employees
Employer
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal Any other form of consultation, institutionalised (as stable working groups or committees) or informal

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level

Involvement

Through close cooperation over time, the government and the social partners at national level and industry level, has developed tailor-made educational offers to employees in specific industries. These programs are called tripartite industry programs. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the government and the social partners decided to use this concept to offer education to employees and laid off workers in six new industries. In the process of implementing tripartite industry programs, the organisations are usually involved at national and industry level, and unions at local level do often cooperate with employers in the interested companies and the educational institutions.

Views and reactions

The government and the social partners regard the tripartite industry programs a measure that benefit both the individual, business and society as a whole.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      C - Manufacturing C10 Manufacture of food products
      C11 Manufacture of beverages
      D - Electricity, Gas, Steam And Air Conditioning Supply D35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply
      F - Construction F41 Construction of buildings
      G - Wholesale And Retail Trade; Repair Of Motor Vehicles And Motorcycles G47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
      I - Accommodation And Food Service Activities I55 Accommodation
      I56 Food and beverage service activities
      N - Administrative And Support Service Activities N79 Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service and related activities
      S - Other Service Activities S96 Other personal service activities

This case is not occupation-specific.

Sources

Citation

Eurofound (2020), Tripartite educational programmes for the laid off and the unemployed, measure NO-2020-14/1083 (measures in Norway), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NO-2020-14_1083.html

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