Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure NO-2020-12/1611 – measures in Norway
|Country||Norway , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 16 March 2020|
|Type||Bipartite collective agreements|
Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace
– Occupational health and safety
|Author||Aasmund Arup Seip, FAFO and Eurofound|
|Measure added||18 December 2020 (updated 29 January 2021)|
With more and more COVID-19 infected in Norway, measures were taken to regulate and protect people working in public transport. Bus drivers were seen as very vulnerable to infection. Closed front doors and cash-free payment were among the measures to protect the country's bus drivers. Health authorities gave national recommendations.
In connection with the first outbreak of COVID-19 in Norway in Mars 2020, the owners of public transport sought solutions to reduce the risk of infection of drivers and passengers in public transport. The employer association, NHO Transport, assisted its member companies to implement several measures following inquiries from shop stewards and the Health, Safety and Environment representatives, such as extra hygiene and cleaning measures. Several county municipalities introduced measures such as keeping the front door on the bus closed, avoiding passengers in the front row of the bus and banning cash ticket sales on board the bus.
Among the measures proposed by the union and mostly implemented by employers were:
Used nationwide on public bus transport.
Employees in standard employment
Sector specific set of companies
Companies providing essential services
|Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Company / Companies
Local / regional government
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The employer’s association, NHO Transport, assisted its member companies to implement several measures following inquiries from shop stewards and the Health, Safety and Environment representatives. The bus driver’s union, Fellesforbundet (member of LO), proposed several measures to protect drivers and discussed these with the employer’s association and other unions.
No disagreement about the measures is noticed.
This case is sector-specific
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|H - Transportation And Storage||H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines|
This case is occupation-specific
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
|Drivers and mobile plant operators|
Eurofound (2020), Closed front doors and cash-free payment to protect bus drivers, measure NO-2020-12/1611 (measures in Norway), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NO-2020-12_1611.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.