Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure NO-2020-12/1607 – measures in Norway
|Country||Norway , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 16 March 2020|
Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace
– Teleworking arrangements, remote working
|Author||Aasmund Arup Seip, FAFO and Eurofound|
|Measure added||17 December 2020 (updated 19 February 2021)|
Home office is an important measure to reduce contact between people both in the workplace and on the journey to and from work at public transport. Hence, in March 2020 national authorities and many local authorities strongly recommended use of home office when possible to reduce COVID-19 infection. Public and private companies largely followed the recommendations.
A survey conducted in the last three weeks of April 2020 measured the use of home office and the use of digital solutions in Norway during the first months of COVID-19 pandemic. The survey included 1000 people of which 670 were employed. The survey weighted age and geography to correct biases.
Approximately 80% of Norwegian employees have had their work situation significantly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Employers’ instructions to employees to work from home are the most common. 52 per cent of the employees reported that they were instructed to work from home. Just over a quarter have been given other work tasks, 20 per cent have had their working hours increased and just as many have had their working hours reduced.
During the second wave of COVID-19 in the autumn of 2020, the use of home office again became common after national authorities and many local authorities again strongly recommended it.
About half of the respondents worked from home offices in April 2020. The majority state that this mostly applies all week. A good number shared a home office with a spouse/cohabitant or other adults.
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Local / regional government
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Direct consultation outside a formal body||Direct consultation outside a formal body|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners have been consulted regularly during design and implementation of the measure.
Home office or remote work has been widely discussed. Both employers and unions find positive and negative side effects when employees are instructed to work from home, but they agree that under the circumstances created by COVID-19 home office be used extensively.
Eurofound (2020), Use of home office in public and private companies, measure NO-2020-12/1607 (measures in Norway), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NO-2020-12_1607.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.