Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure NL-2023-1/2957 – Updated – measures in Netherlands
|Country||Netherlands , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 January 2023 – 31 December 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine, Green Transition, Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Responses to inflation
– Support for energy bills
|Author||Thomas de Winter (Panteia)|
|Measure added||25 October 2022 (updated 01 April 2023)|
Due to rising energy costs, the Dutch government introduced a price cap on energy for households and other small consumers. The price cap will be introduced on 1 January 2023. To help households already earlier this winter, households and other small consumers will receive a fixed discount of €190 per month on energy bills in November and December. This compensation is the same for all small consumers and will be settled through the energy suppliers.
Price caps for energy sources are as follows:
For November and December, households will receive a fixed discount on energy bills of €190 per month. Energy suppliers receive a fee for energy consumption below the cap. This compensation will be fully used to reduce energy prices for consumers and other small users. By doing so, the support reaches households and other small consumers and the government prevents energy suppliers themselves from getting into financial difficulties due to the implementation of the cap.
The total cost depends on the development of energy prices. If energy prices remain at similar levels, the total cost of the price cap and the relief in November and December is estimated at around €23.5 billion.
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|01 January 2023||
The measure is for the year 2023 only.
All households are eligible. No additional on uptake is currently available,
|Does not apply to workers||
One person or microenterprises
|Applies to all citizens|
Social partners jointly
Company / Companies
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners were involved in the design phase of the measure on the initiative of both the social partners and the government. How they actually influenced the measure is not known, but the social partners are generally happy with the existing measure. This is mainly reflected in supportive messages of trade unions and employer organisations alike.
Most reactions by social partners were supportive. They welcome the energy subsidy and emphasize the need for this measure. However, some social partners point out the problems with for example people sharing one energy meter or using collective heating systems. The partners are still involved in fine-tuning the measure also for these groups.
Eurofound (2022), Temporary price cap on energy, measure NL-2023-1/2957 (measures in Netherlands), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NL-2023-1_2957.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.