Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure NL-2022-1/2236 – Updated – measures in Netherlands
|Country||Netherlands , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 January 2022 – 31 December 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Responses to inflation
– Support for energy bills
|Author||Thomas de Winter (Panteia) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||10 May 2022 (updated 12 June 2023)|
The government, together with municipalities, introduced a one-off generic compensation to help households with lower incomes cope with rising energy prices. Two Members of Parliament requested that the Cabinet of Ministers investigate how low-income households could receive an energy allowance through existing schemes. It was determined that the allowance required an amendment to an existing law, the Participation Act. This act was modified to provide municipalities with the authority to provide the energy compensation. The special categorical assistance clause of the Participation Act is used.
Other measures which are part of the set of measures to partly compensate for rising energy costs for households include Reduction in VAT on energy and excise duty on petrol and diesel , Tax reduction on the energy bill and reduction of tax rate on electricity in 2022 and More money for households to take energy-saving measures .
At the end of 2021, the government announced it would set aside €3.2 billion to reduce energy tax. It also presented plans for a one-off energy allowance of around €200 per household to mitigate the impact of higher energy costs on people on incomes around the level of social assistance benefit. Older people on low incomes would also be eligible for the allowance. In March 2022, this one-off payment was raised to €800 per eligible household.
This program targets households with a low income (at or just above the social minimum). People on social assistance receive the amount automatically from their municipality. Other groups that are eligible - including older unemployed persons receiving an allowance, pension recipients without supplementary pension and self-employed with a low income – are not reached automatically and can apply to their own municipality.
Up to 800,000 households are said to be eligible for this allowance.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Other groups of citizens
People on social benefits
People on low incomes
Local / regional government
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), Extra energy allowance for lower incomes, measure NL-2022-1/2236 (measures in Netherlands), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NL-2022-1_2236.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.