Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure NL-2022-14/2235 – measures in Netherlands
|Country||Netherlands , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 April 2022 – 31 December 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Responses to inflation
|Author||Amber van der Graaf (Panteia) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||10 May 2022 (updated 05 September 2022)|
To compensate households and companies for rising energy prices, the government cut the rate of VAT on energy (natural gas, electricity and district heating) from 21% to 9% for nine months from 1 April 2022. The measure is designed in such a way that it benefits all citizens. The lower VAT on energy and lower excise duty on petrol and diesel brings down energy bills and fuel costs.
Other measures which are part of the set of measures to partly compensate for rising energy costs for households include Extra energy allowance for lower incomes , Tax reduction on the energy bill and reduction of tax rate on electricity in 2022 and More money for households to take energy-saving measures .
This measure is intended to bring down energy bills for households with average consumption by around €200 over the period of nine months. The government also reduced excise duty on petrol and diesel by 21%, from 1 April 2022 until the end of the year. This lowered the price of petrol by 17.3 cents per litre and that of diesel by 11.1 cents per litre.
Costs of the total package of temporary measures (of which reduction of VAT on energy and excise duty on petrol and diesel is a part) is estimated to cost a total of €2.8 billion. The government will fund the package in part from extra gas revenue. It will also use remaining funds from the Brexit Adjustment Reserve (BAR). A maximum of €364 million in BAR funds is available.
The measures are directly translated into tax benefits for citizens. No further usage data available.
|Does not apply to workers||Applies to all businesses||Applies to all citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), Reduction in VAT on energy and excise duty on petrol and diesel, measure NL-2022-14/2235 (measures in Netherlands), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NL-2022-14_2235.html
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.
16 June 2022
In the second pandemic year 2021, access to one's place of work was increasingly dependent on providing proof of either having been tested, vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in several countries.
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.