Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure NL-2021-1/1686 – Updated – measures in Netherlands
|Country||Netherlands , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 January 2021 – 01 July 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Support for spending, stimulus packages
|Author||Amber van der Graaf (Panteia)|
|Measure added||09 January 2021 (updated 09 August 2021)|
The cultural and creative sectors have been especially badly hit due to the COVID-19 crisis. The revenue in the cultural and recreational sector has dropped with 37.4% in the second quarter of 2020. In response, the government will introduce a second support package for the cultural and creative sector during the first half of 2021. The people working in this sector are often (solo) self-employed which makes them more vulnerable.
This support package will focus on creators and artists, and it is a continuation of the first support package. There will be an extra budget for freelance theatre producers as well.
The second investment package means that €1.62 billion will be made available for the cultural and creative sector. Of this amount, €340 million will be made available for 2020 and a further €414 million for 2021 to make sure creators and artists can continue to work. Specifically the following activities will be supported by this extra financial injection:
The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.
|01 July 2021||
This package of measures was introduced on 16 November 2020 and the measures were intended for the period of 1 January, 2021 - 1July 2021.
There is no information available on this yet.
Sector specific set of companies
|Does not apply to citizens|
Social partners jointly
Other social actors (e.g. NGOs)
Local / regional government
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The Ministry of Education, Culture and Science requested the involvement of the social partners for advice and input when developing the measures. For instance, the Ministry requested advice from the Culture Council (Raad van Cultuur) on funding youth performing arts groups. Furthermore, Fund for Performing Arts was asked to further develop the measures for the support package for the performing arts sector. The sectoral social partners (consisting mainly of several large foundations and funds) are closely involved because they will implement the financial support by providing grants and financial support to end beneficiaries.
Furthermore, the social partners are involved in distributing the financial support to the people and institutions working in the cultural and creative sector. This social dialogue was on a national scale.
The social partners are supportive about the measure and appear glad that they were involved in the negotiations. However, the Association of Museums (Museumvereniging), while supportive, has some doubts that the money will actually reach those who need it. The Cultural Council has also received worried reactions from people working in the sector, and has expressed the hope that local governments will not use the funds to pay for the delayed payments in rent by cultural and art institutions.
This case is sector-specific
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|R - Arts, Entertainment And Recreation||R90 Creative, arts and entertainment activities|
|R91 Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities|
This case is occupation-specific
|Occupation (ISCO level 2)|
|Legal, social, cultural and related associate professionals|
|Legal, social and cultural professionals|
Eurofound (2021), Measures for the second package for the cultural and creative sector, measure NL-2021-1/1686 (measures in Netherlands), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NL-2021-1_1686.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.