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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure NL-2006-44/2477 – measures in Netherlands

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

Erkenning van Verworven Competenties (EVC)

Country Netherlands , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 01 November 2006
Context Restructuring Support Instruments
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Reorientation of business activities
– Transfer or redeployment of workers
Author Thomas de Winter (Panteia) and Eurofound
Measure added 23 June 2022 (updated 02 November 2022)

Background information

The 'EVC procedure' (EVC stands for 'recognition of competences achieved elsewhere') provides certificates for work experience and informal learning, in order to facilitate the job-to-job mobility of workers. The instrument can be used by individuals who are looking for employment, who do not have an educational diploma or qualifications, work at a higher level than their diplomas can demonstrate, who work in a different sector to the one they studied for, or for individuals who wish to continue their education. Demonstrating practical experience and expertise in a sector or area can be done by using EVC in restructuring situations but has gained additional relevance since the onset of the refugee crisis. There is a range of trajectories, both with regard to the sector and subject, and the educational level. The institutes that cover the different types of education eventually are responsible for granting a certificate. The UWV (the Dutch Public employment service) provides information on EVC on their website.

Content of measure

The instrument works by having experience recognised by a certified institute and by then having the costs for certifying experience reimbursed. Reimbursement can be provided via the UWV (the Dutch public employment service), sectoral training and development funds (O&O fondsen), or have declaring some of the costs through a tax deduction.

Besides EVC, the simplified version ‘EVP’ (Experience Profile) is on the rise. Evidence of knowledge, skills and experience are recorded in a portfolio. This serves to help individuals get a better sense of their own expertise and competences, but does not constitute a certification of skills or experience; as such, no assessment takes place and no certificate is granted.

Use of measure

The most recent evaluation was published in 2019. It was commissioned by the EVC Advisory Council (affiliated with the Kenniscentrum EVP) and supported by the Ministries of Economic Affairs and Climate, of Social Affairs and Employment, and of Education, Culture and Science. The report indicated that the use of EVC has declined since 2014, to 3,000 EVC procedures in 2017.

On behalf of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment and the Ministry of Education, Culture, and Science, ProfitWise conducted a study on factors determining the effectiveness of EVC (2015). It was investigated what effects EVC has for the companies deploying EVC and for the employees going through a EVC-trajectory. In total, 1,080 EVC participants across 72 organisations participated in the survey (including Rabobank, Essent, KLM, Heineken, FrieslandCampina, IND, Menzis, Belastingdienst). The research shows that participating in EVC stimulates many people to subsequently follow training/schooling and obtain a diploma. EVC turns out to be most effective in combination with targeted career management. The way in which people themselves give direction to their career (Self Career Management) appears to play a key role. The effect of EVC can also be strengthened by career support by the HR division and especially by the (direct) supervisor.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Public employment service
National funds
Social partners jointly

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


Social partners are involved through the Stichting van de Arbeid (bipartite body), as well as in the form of being members in the advisory board. The Stichting van de Arbeid (bipartite body) appoints an executive organisation through a convenant.

Views and reactions




Eurofound (2022), Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), measure NL-2006-44/2477 (measures in Netherlands), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.