Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure NL-1973-1/2478 – measures in Netherlands
|Country||Netherlands , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 January 1973|
|Context||Restructuring Support Instruments|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Employment protection and retention
|Author||Thomas de Winter (Panteia) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||23 June 2022 (updated 02 November 2022)|
Sectoral training and development funds are set up by employer and employee organisations in a given sector or branch. These funds are based on collective labour agreements and cover individuals working in that specific sector.
O&O funds are set up in connection with a sectoral collective labour market agreement. The collective labour agreements establish the strategic goals for the O&O fund to pursue, specific skills which workers need for instance, skills required to meet future sectoral developments, etc. The goal of these funds is to help improve the sectoral labour market by training and schooling workers in a given sectoral branch. The funds are private initiatives which are managed by sectoral organisations and social partners. Workers can follow education and training via these funds which reimburse or finance different degrees of the training followed.
Once the collective agreement becomes mandatory and binding, all employers within a sector must contribute to the O&O fund. All employees receive training rights and facilities if their training interests fit the objectives formulated by the social partners. During restructuring, additional claims can be made on a fund if agreed by the social partners.
The funds themselves are financed predominantly through contributions from employers and employees (where the exact level of these contributions are established in collective labour market agreements), with some funds receiving financing through the European Social Fund or other social partners. A report in 2017 by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment showed that for the 85 collective labour agreements under study, 87% of financing for the O&O funds came from enterprises.
In 2020, according to some organisations there are around 60 O&O funds, while other organisations count some 140 funds. There tends to be a difference in how organisations define these funds. Some organisations for instance may combine several smaller, sub-sectoral funds under one sectoral fund (hence arrive at 60 organisations, while other organisations arrive at 140 or so). It is also worth noting that many are set up within sectors by private organisations such as groups of employers or employer organisations. Around 40% of all workers are covered by a training fund. Small firms (those with fewer than 50 employees) provide a lower level of training than that provided to employees of larger firms.
Employees in standard employment
Other groups of citizens
Social partners jointly
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||Unknown||Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
This measure exists since the 1970s. It is unknown what the involvement of social partners was back then, but the funds are private initiatives which are managed by sectoral organisations and social partners. Workers can follow education and training via these funds which reimburse or finance different degrees of the training followed.
Eurofound (2022), Sectoral training and development funds, measure NL-1973-1/2478 (measures in Netherlands), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/NL-1973-1_2478.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
5 July 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.