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Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure MT-2022-52/3156 – measures in Malta

In-Work benefit for employees with atypical working hours

In-Work Benefit għal ħaddiema b’ħinijiet atipiċi

Country Malta , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 22 December 2022
Context War in Ukraine
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Responses to inflation
– Increasing income in general
Author Luke Anthony Fiorini (University of Malta) and Eurofound
Measure added 04 May 2023 (updated 19 June 2023)

Background information

Despite the various economic challenges that the country has been exposed to, including COVID-19 and the impact of the war in Ukraine, the economy in Malta remains strong and is characterised by low unemployment and economic growth. Nevertheless, inflationary pressures are evident in Malta. The combination of the rising cost of living and various employment opportunities has led employees to seek higher-paying jobs with better conditions. In order to support workers that remain in jobs with atypical working hours, and to discourage such workers from seeking jobs with more standardised hours, the government will provide a financial incentive.

Content of measure

Managed by Jobsplus, Malta's Employment and Training Organisation, employees who work atypical hours are eligible for this measure. Those who work shifts on weekends or after 6pm are categorised as workers with atypical hours. The scheme is applicable to those working in the private sector and is sector-specific, and aims to target those working in accommodation and food services, administrative and support services, manufacturing, transport and storage, and the wholesale and retail trade sectors.

The measure is open to those whose basic salary is below €20,000 per year. Individuals who meet the criteria are eligible for a benefit of €150 per year. It was reported that the first payment was made at the very end of 2022. It is possible that the amount provided in subsequent years may be higher.

Use of measure

At the end of December 2022, it was announced that 25,000 individuals would benefit from this measure. The total cost would amount to €4 million.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Unknown Unknown
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Unknown


No evidence of social partner involvement in the designing, implementing and monitoring of the measure was identified.

Views and reactions

Few views or reactions were identified in reaction to this measure. It is worth noting that employer associations have regularly expressed concerns about the limited number of workers in Malta, and that few Maltese want to take up positions with unpopular hours.

The General Worker's Union (GWU), however, released a statement that stated that a number of private care workers are atypical employees and had been excluded from this scheme. The union asked for negotiations with the involved minister.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      C - Manufacturing C10 Manufacture of food products
      C11 Manufacture of beverages
      C13 Manufacture of textiles
      C14 Manufacture of wearing apparel
      C15 Manufacture of leather and related products
      C16 Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials
      C17 Manufacture of paper and paper products
      C18 Printing and reproduction of recorded media
      C20 Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products
      C21 Manufacture of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations
      C22 Manufacture of rubber and plastic products
      C25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment
      C27 Manufacture of electrical equipment
      C31 Manufacture of furniture
      C32 Other manufacturing
      G - Wholesale And Retail Trade; Repair Of Motor Vehicles And Motorcycles G45 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
      G46 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
      G47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
      H - Transportation And Storage H49 Land transport and transport via pipelines
      H50 Water transport

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 01 December 2022: Jobsplus - Atypical Working Hours (
  • 22 December 2022: Malta Daily - 25,000 workers of atypical hours to receive €150 cheques (
  • 01 January 2023: GWU - The GWU is of the opinion that private care workers with atypical working conditions should be given the In-Work Benefit (


Eurofound (2023), In-Work benefit for employees with atypical working hours, measure MT-2022-52/3156 (measures in Malta), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.