Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure MT-2020-21/1044 – Updated – measures in Malta
|Country||Malta , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 21 May 2020|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Author||Luke Anthony Fiorini (University of Malta) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||24 August 2020 (updated 01 September 2022)|
The Access to Employment (A2E) Scheme is a Jobsplus Scheme (The Malta Government Employment and Training Agency) to foster recruitment of the more challenged amongst jobseekers and inactive persons. These include individuals aged 24 or more who have been inactive or unemployed for more than six months, persons over 50 years who do not have a job, and any person who is a registered disabled person under national law and is not in full-time employment. The scheme had originally been in existence between 2015-2019. It was re-opened for a second call in 2020 with more advantageous terms, and some terms and conditions of this scheme needed to be revisited in view of COVID-19.
The measure aims to support access of individuals including: those who are aged 24 or over who have been unemployed or inactive for the previous 6 months; those unemployed for 12 months and during which they participated in traineeship with the applicant undertaking; those aged 24 and over who have not attained an upper secondary educational or vocational qualification (ISCED 3) and do not have a job; those older than 50 and do not have a job; or any person who is a registered disabled person under national law and is not in full-time employment, amongst others.
The Scheme is demand driven and grants are awarded on a first-come first-served basis, subject to the annual ceilings and total budget. The total available budget for the A2E is €12 million, with an indicative annual calendar year ceilings of around €2.4 million.
Subsidies provided vary depending on the classification of the employee. Compared to the 2015-2019 scheme, the 2020 scheme provides greater grants for all categories of recruits. During the 2015-2019 call, employers were eligible to receive a subsidy of €85 per week per new recruit engaged, for a period of 26 weeks, 52 weeks or 104 weeks, depending on the target group. In the case of registered disabled persons, a subsidy of €125 per week for a maximum of 156 weeks was provided. In the case of the 2020 subsidy, the amounts provided are €105 and €155 per week, respectively.
The second offering of this scheme coincided with COVID-19, consequently Jobsplus clarified that only soft copy applications submitted via email would be accepted, that the scheme could not be used to re-hire those terminated due to redundancies, and that employers could not continue to claim for this subsidy if wages were no longer being incurred due to employees receiving another COVID-19 related benefit (for example the COVID-19 – Person with Disability Benefit or the COVID-19 wage subsidy, both offered by the Government of Malta to prevent redundancies). However, it was clarified that employers could apply to reduce the hours of work of employees within this scheme (generally from 40 hours to 20 hours per week). For this to occur however, employers are to provide a copy of their correspondence with the Director of Employment and Industrial Relations, following which, the A2E will assess the request on a case by case basis and will inform the employer accordingly.
Between 2015 and 2019, 778 unique employers applied for the funding of 2,029 participants. 1,310 of these participants engaged with 573 unique employers, remained active in the scheme with a total of €7.9 million being committed. Jobsplus paid a total of €5.6 million to beneficiaries till the end of 2019. No statistics are available for the 2020 second call.
Based on the Jobsplus annual report, in 2021, 1,757 applications were received, which was a threefold increase over 2020 where 580 applications were received. Of the applications received in 2021, 1,017 participants were placed in employment within 429 companies, with €8.8 million worth of grants contracted.
Furthermore, in between 2015 and 2021, 4.022 applications were received from 1,675 unique applicant employers. This resulted in 2,691 participants being employed through the scheme. 72% of individuals were employed in Malta, with 28% being employed in Gozo. The vast majority of these participants were between the age of 25 and 54 (71%). Of the entities benefitting, 71% were micro to medium enterprises, whilst 29% were large enterprises. €16.9 million has been contracted by the end of 2021, with €6.9 million being paid till the end of 2021 (Jobsplus, 2022).
Older people in employment (aged 55+)
|Applies to all businesses||
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
The measure was developed by Jobsplus, a government employment and training agency. Social partners are represented on the Jobsplus' board, which includes representatives of Employer Associations, Unions, Government, and also the Commissioner for the Rights of Persons with a Disability.
No social partner's views to this measure are available. The 2019 Jobsplus annual report however notes that "75% of the target set for participation has been reached by the end of 2019 as 1,262 unique participants have been supported against a target of 1,675. In addition, the output indicator target in relation to participants aged over 54 has already been surpassed by 2019, since there are 152 unique participants in the scheme against the 2023 target of 75."
Eurofound (2020), Employment grant to promote access to employment , measure MT-2020-21/1044 (measures in Malta), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/MT-2020-21_1044.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.