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COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level responses

Eurofound's COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the crisis, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for case LT-2021-1/1308 – measures in Lithuania

National public sector collective agreement 2021

2021 metų nacionalinė kolektyvinė sutartis

Country Lithuania , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 January 2021 – 31 December 2021
Type Bipartite collective agreements
Category Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace
– Well-being of workers
Author Inga Blaziene (Lithuanian Social Research Centre) and Eurofound
Case created 23 October 2020 (updated 19 November 2020)

Background information

On 16 October 2020, the Government of the Republic of Lithuania represented by the Ministry of Social Security and Labour and national trade union organisations entered into a national collective agreement (NCA) for 2021. The NCA provides for an increase in the basic amount of official salary (BAOS) from €176 to €177 for all civil servants, public sector employees and officials, and additional guarantees for NCA signatory trade union members in the form of additional annual leave and study leave. Moreover, extra days to improve employee health were agreed in the NCA for the first time. The agreement is particularly important in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, as many public sector employees face significant increases in the workload during the pandemic. The NCA will allow employees to take care of their health and improve qualifications without losing their salary.

Content of measure

The NCA increased the BAOS, which is used to calculate salaries in the public sector, for all public sector employees from €176 to €177 for 2021. In addition, the parties to the agreement undertook to consider possibilities to increase this amount once again after the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Lithuania publishes new macroeconomic forecasts in December 2020. Also, union members who have signed the NCA with the Government will be able to benefit from the following additional guarantees in 2021:

  • In 2021, union members will be entitled to two extra working days (WD) of annual paid leave, including those who are already entitled to extended annual leave due to their profession (e.g. teachers).
  • Union members studying under formal education programmes or participating in non-formal adult education will be entitled to a study leave for up to 10 WD or up to 20 WD. When the leave is granted for up to 10 WD, the employee shall be paid his/her average wages; when the leave is granted for up to 20 WD, the employee shall be paid 50% of his/her average wages.
  • In 2021, union members will be also entitled to up to five WD to improve their health. The employee will be paid average wages for these days.

It is important to note that additional guarantees will apply only to those employees who had joined the trade union prior to the date of signing the NCA.

Use of measure

According to the Ministry of Social Security and Labour, increases in the BAOS will apply to about 200,000 civil servants, employees and officials in the public sector. Additional provisions of the NCA will cover around 34,500 union members.


  • Health and safety
  • Leave arrangements
  • Pay increases
  • Training and employability

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Other groups of workers
Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Trade unions
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


The NCA was signed by the Ministry of Social Security and Labour (MSSL) and the Lithuanian Trade Union Confederation (LTUC), Trade Union Solidarumas, Trade Union Sandrauga, the National Joint Trade Union and the National Association of Officers’ Trade Unions.

Negotiations on the NCA began back in January 2020. In April 2020, several video conferences were held with the participation of Inga Ruginienė, Chair of LTUC, sectoral unions of the public sector and the MSSL. At that time, LTUC and other union representatives proposed increasing the BAOS to €186. However, the Government did not agree with this proposal on the grounds that salaries were already increased to most public sector employees in 2020.

Views and reactions

According to union representatives, the negotiations with the Government were successful (particularly in that the parties managed to agree on additional days of leave and study time). Yet, union representatives agree that they would like more significant increases in the salary.


  • 05 October 2020: Government’s pre-election gift to the public sector: slightly higher salaries and longer leaves (Prieš rinkimus – valdžios dovana viešajam sektoriui: kiek didesnė alga, ilgesnės atostogos) (
  • 16 October 2020: National public sector collective agreement 2021 (2021 metų nacionalinė kolektyvinė sutartis) (


Eurofound (2020), National public sector collective agreement 2021, case LT-2021-1/1308 (measures in Lithuania), COVID-19 EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,

Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process. All information is preliminary and subject to change.