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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure IT-2021-22/1984 – measures in Italy

Flexibilisation of temporary contracts

Disciplina dei contratti a termine

Country Italy , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 26 May 2021 – 30 September 2022
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Flexibilisation and security
Author Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound
Measure added 27 July 2021 (updated 19 June 2023)

Background information

Law No. 106 of 23 July 2021 (which concerted into law Decree Law No. 73 of 25 May 2021) modified the discipline of temporary contracts introduced by Legislative Decree No. 81 of 15 June 2015. The new law expands the reasons for employers to offer temporary contracts between 12 and 24 months until 30 September 2022.

Content of measure

Law No. 106 of 23 July 2021 opens up the possibility for collective bargaining at all levels (sectoral, territorial and company). The new law allows collective agreements to define further reasons for the use of temporary contracts beyond those set by Law 96 of 12 July 2018 (the so called "Dignity Decree"). This law listed reasons for temporary employment such as temporary and objective needs, employment unrelated to ordinary activities, the need to replace other workers, and needs related to temporary, significant and non-programmable increases in ordinary activity. This new law makes the use of temporary contracts more flexible compared to the discipline set by the "Dignity Decree", which restricted the use of temporary contracts after the liberalisation phase started in the early 2000s. In special cases, collective agreements can help determine the duration of temporary contracts by allowing them to deviate from the reasons allowing employers to contracts between 12 and 24 months.

Use of measure

No information available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


No involvement.

Views and reactions

No information available.



Eurofound (2021), Flexibilisation of temporary contracts, measure IT-2021-22/1984 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.