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Factsheet for measure IT-2021-1/1705 – measures in Italy

Contract for the inter-professional expansion

Contratto di espansione interprofessionale

Country Italy , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 January 2021 – 31 December 2021
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Reorientation of business activities
– Change of production/Innovation
Author Anna Mori (University of Milan)
Measure added 11 January 2021 (updated 18 January 2021)

Background information

To foster the inter-generational turnover within large companies that go through processes of re-industrialisation and re-organisation requiring new skills and professionalism, the Budget Law for the year 2021 (Law no. 178, issued on 30 December 2020) introduced relevant changes to the instrument of the contract for the inter-professional expansion. This specific measure was introduced in 2019 (Law Decree no. 34/2019 (art. 26), converted into the Law no. 58/2019) with reference to the years 2019 and 2020, reforming the previous formulation of this provision as contract for expansive solidarity contained in the Legislative Decree no. 148/2015.

Content of measure

The Budget Law for the year 2021(Law no. 178/2020) introduced important changes to the contract for the inter-professional expansion. The measure aims at supporting technological innovation and development within large enterprises undertaking an overall structural change in business processes through:

  • an ad hoc recruitment plan for qualified and specialised workers and professionals;
  • a pre-retirement plan, up to 5 years, for the workers eligible to the old-age pension, in exchange for a monthly allowance paid by the employer corresponding to the gross pension treatment accrued at that time;
  • a reduction of working hours combined with access to extraordinary payroll subsidies, up to a maximum of continuous or non-continuous 18 months;
  • a training and re-qualification plan for employees requiring updated skills, in particular in the technological sphere.

Companies with more than 500 employees are eligible, as well as those with more than 250 employees that combine new hiring with pre-retirement procedures. Eligible companies can resort to this measure by starting a consultation procedure with the Ministry for Labour and Social Policies and with the most representative trade unions or with the employees’ representatives at the workplace level. The company has to present a plan to this consultation including:

  • the number of workers to hire and an indication of the related professional profiles, in line with the re-industrialisation plan;
  • the time schedule of the hiring;
  • the indication of the open-ended duration of the contracts;
  • concerning the staffing level, the indication of the reduction of working hours and the number of workers involved.

If accepted, the plan is included in a company-level agreement signed by the company and by the workplace employees’ representatives.

Use of measure

The measure has been launched on 1 January 2021. Data on the use of the measure are not available yet.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Trade unions
Company / Companies
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Only trade unions
  • Main level of involvement: Company level


The legislative framework underlying this measure provides for trade union consultation to negotiate the plan for the inter-professional expansion which, if accepted, is translated into a company-level agreement signed by the workers’ representatives at the workplace.

Views and reactions

The trade unions are supportive to this measure, which embodies a useful instrument to foster new hiring and training plan at the establishment level.



Eurofound (2021), Contract for the inter-professional expansion, measure IT-2021-1/1705 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.