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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure IT-2021-1/1683 – measures in Italy

Employability program for workers

Programma "Garanzia di occupabilità dei lavoratori"

Country Italy , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 01 January 2021 – 31 December 2021
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
Author Anna Mori (University of Milan)
Measure added 08 January 2021 (updated 18 January 2021)

Background information

The Budget Law for the year 2021 (Law no. 178, issued on 30 December 2020) established a new national program called "Employability Guarantee for Workers" within the realm of active labour market policies. The program aims at fostering the employability and the integration into the labour market of unemployed workers.

Content of measure

The new national program called “Employability Guarantee for Workers” aims at introducing a series of active labour market policies aiming at fostering the employability and the integration into the labour market of unemployed workers. Within the EU Commission program “React EU”, the Budget Law allocated €233 million to the Employability Guarantee to finance activation measures admissible according to the React EU plan. By 60 days since the issue of the Law, the Ministry for Labour and Social Policies, together with the Ministry for Economy and Finance, have to present a plan specifying (art. 1 c. 324):

  • the active labour market policies to implement;
  • the relating beneficiaries;
  • the procedures to ensure the respect of the budgetary cap;
  • the characteristics of the services to provide;
  • the timing and the modality of provision of activation service.

Further €267 million are instead allocated to finance the relocation allowance (art. 1 c. 325), a financial support provided to support unemployed workers in their active search for a job. It is based on a voucher system: the beneficiaries receiving the vouchers can use these vouchers to buy customised and individual employment support services at any public employment centre or at private accredited centres. Unlike in the past, also unemployed workers receiving payroll subsidies, unemployment allowances or the citizenship basic income are eligible to get the relocation allowance.

Use of measure

The measure has been introduced on 30 December 2020. Data on its application are not available yet.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Does not apply to businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Public employment service
European Funds
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


The social partners have not been involved.

Views and reactions

The social partners have not been involved.



Eurofound (2021), Employability program for workers, measure IT-2021-1/1683 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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