Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure IT-2020-43/1615 – measures in Italy
|Country||Italy , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 22 October 2020 – 31 December 2021|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Author||Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||21 December 2020 (updated 11 January 2021)|
Law Decree No. 34 of 19 May 2020 (art. 88) and Law Decree No. 104 of 14 August 2020 set up the New Skills Fund under the premises of ANPAL (the National Agency for Active Labor Market Policies). The Fund has the goal of raising the level of human capital in the labor market, offering workers the opportunity to acquire new or greater skills and equip themselves with the tools to adapt to the new conditions of the labor market, and supporting companies in the process of adapting to new organisational models and production determined by the epidemiological emergency from COVID-19.
The Fund supports companies and workers in training activities to face companies changing organisational and production needs.
Companies and employers can implement specific collective agreements with the most representative trade unions to reshape working hours in order to respond to changing organisational and production needs of the company or to encourage workers' relocation paths, with which part of the working time is aimed at the realisation of specific programs for the development of workers' skills. The intervention, therefore, is targeted to workers whose working hours have been reduced due to participation in skills development courses. The Fund reimburses companies the cost of the reduced hours allocated to attend these courses, including social security and welfare contributions.
Collective agreements must identify the employer's needs and may provide for the development of skills aimed at increasing the worker's employability (also with a view to relocation to other situations). The maximum limit is 250 hours for each worker. The agreements must be signed by 31 December 2020 and provide for:
The fund has an initial endowment of €230 million, increased by a further €200 million for 2020 and another €300 million for 2021, reaching a total of €730 million.
|Applies to all workers||Applies to all businesses||Does not apply to citizens|
Company / Companies
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Th social partners were not involved in designing the measures. Trade unions will, however, be strongly involved in the implementation of the measure, as the access to the Fund is subordinated to the stipulation of a company agreement with the most representative trade unions.
Social partners are broadly supportive of the measure.
Eurofound (2020), New skills fund - to be implemented via company level agreements, measure IT-2020-43/1615 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/IT-2020-43_1615.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.