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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure IT-2020-43/1615 – measures in Italy

New skills fund - to be implemented via company level agreements

Fondo nuove competenze

Country Italy , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 22 October 2020 – 31 December 2021
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
Author Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound
Measure added 21 December 2020 (updated 11 January 2021)

Background information

Law Decree No. 34 of 19 May 2020 (art. 88) and Law Decree No. 104 of 14 August 2020 set up the New Skills Fund under the premises of ANPAL (the National Agency for Active Labor Market Policies). The Fund has the goal of raising the level of human capital in the labor market, offering workers the opportunity to acquire new or greater skills and equip themselves with the tools to adapt to the new conditions of the labor market, and supporting companies in the process of adapting to new organisational models and production determined by the epidemiological emergency from COVID-19.

Content of measure

The Fund supports companies and workers in training activities to face companies changing organisational and production needs.

Companies and employers can implement specific collective agreements with the most representative trade unions to reshape working hours in order to respond to changing organisational and production needs of the company or to encourage workers' relocation paths, with which part of the working time is aimed at the realisation of specific programs for the development of workers' skills. The intervention, therefore, is targeted to workers whose working hours have been reduced due to participation in skills development courses. The Fund reimburses companies the cost of the reduced hours allocated to attend these courses, including social security and welfare contributions.

Collective agreements must identify the employer's needs and may provide for the development of skills aimed at increasing the worker's employability (also with a view to relocation to other situations). The maximum limit is 250 hours for each worker. The agreements must be signed by 31 December 2020 and provide for:

  • the specification of training projects, aimed at developing skills;
  • the number of workers involved;
  • the number of hours (during working hours) to be allocated to training;
  • in the case of training provided by the company, the demonstration of the training capacity requirements (technical, physical and professional).

Use of measure

The fund has an initial endowment of €230 million, increased by a further €200 million for 2020 and another €300 million for 2021, reaching a total of €730 million.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Trade unions
Company / Companies
Public employment service
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Only trade unions
  • Main level of involvement: Company level


Th social partners were not involved in designing the measures. Trade unions will, however, be strongly involved in the implementation of the measure, as the access to the Fund is subordinated to the stipulation of a company agreement with the most representative trade unions.

Views and reactions

Social partners are broadly supportive of the measure.



Eurofound (2020), New skills fund - to be implemented via company level agreements, measure IT-2020-43/1615 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.