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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure IT-2020-31/1558 Updated – measures in Italy

Temporary conversion of FCA plants to produce masks

Conversione temporanea stabilimenti FCA per produrre mascherine

Country Italy , applies locally

      – ITF SUD
Time period Open ended, started on 01 August 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Company practices
Category Reorientation of business activities
– Change of production/Innovation
Author Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound
Measure added 02 December 2020 (updated 30 July 2021)

Background information

In order to face the scarcity of sanitary equipment and to respond to the fall in demand of cars, since the beginning of August 2020, the group FCA partially converted two of its plants (Pratola Serra and Mirafiori) to the production of surgical masks, which will be distributed by the national Civil Protection.

Content of measure

The Group FCA partially converted two plants (Mirafiori, Turin, and Pratola Serra) to the manufacture of surgical masks as part of the national plan for the provision of personal protective equipment planned and promoted by the extraordinary Commissioner for the Covid-19 emergency Domenico Arcuri. The agreement between the company and the extraordinary Commission foresees a supply of 27 million masks per day in full operation. In total, 25 lines will be set up in Mirafiori and another 19 in Pratola Serra.

Production started at the beginning of August 2020 and by the end of September 100 million masks were already produced.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

29 July 2021

The measure is still in place.

Use of measure

When fully operational, a daily production of 27 million masks and the employment of about 600 workers, operating on three shifts, is expected.


  • Other topics

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Larger corporations
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Company / Companies
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Company level


No involvement of the social partners.

Views and reactions

No information available.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      C - Manufacturing C28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 30 September 2020: Fca, raggiunta quota 100 milioni di mascherine prodotte tra Mirafiori e Pratola Serra (


Eurofound (2020), Temporary conversion of FCA plants to produce masks, measure IT-2020-31/1558 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.