Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure IT-2020-23/997 – measures in Italy
|Country||Italy , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 June 2020 – 15 July 2020|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
|Author||Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||14 July 2020 (updated 17 July 2020)|
In order to ensure adequate levels of health protection for both native and migrant workers, the Law Decree No. 34 of 19 May 2020 (art. 103) introduced an exceptional instrument to ensure the regularisation of irregular employment relationships. The Decree Law also entitles foreigners with an expired residence permit to apply for a six-month residence permit.
Article 103 of Law Decree No. 34 of 19 May 2020 defines the procedures for the regularisation of irregular employment relationships and the issuing of temporary residence permits for foreign citizens.
According to the Law Decree, employers have the possibility to sign a new subordinate employment relationship or to declare one illegally established with Italian or foreign citizens present on the national territory before 8 March 2020. Moreover, foreign citizens with a residence permit expired on 31 October 2019 can apply for a six-month residence permit.
The measure is limited to specific economic sectors: agriculture, fishing and livestock, domestic and personnel care work.
Demands can be presented between 1 June and 15 July 2020.
As of the 9 July 2020, the number of presented requests is 93,371 (much lower than the 300,000 demands expected by the Government). Around 90% of the requests refer to domestic workers.
Sector specific set of companies
||Does not apply to citizens|
No special funding required
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Social partners were not involved in designing, implementing, and monitoring the measure.
Trade unions, together with several NGOs, strongly pushed for the regularisation of foreign citizens present on the Italian territory. Criticisms were expressed for the fact that the measure introduced was limited only to specific economic sectors and had relatively strict requirements.
This case is sector-specific (only private sector)
|Economic area||Sector (NACE level 2)|
|A - Agriculture, Forestry And Fishing||A1 Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities|
|A3 Fishing and aquaculture|
|Q - Human Health And Social Work Activities||Q86 Human health activities|
|T - Activities Of Households As Employers; Undifferentiated Goods- And Services-Producing Activities Of Households For Own Use||T97 Activities of households as employers of domestic personnel|
This case is not occupation-specific.
Eurofound (2020), Regularisation of irregular employment, measure IT-2020-23/997 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/IT-2020-23_997.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
5 July 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.