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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure IT-2020-19/1192 Updated – measures in Italy

Protocol for the containment of the COVID-19 spread in the construction sites

Protocollo condiviso di regolamentazione per il contenimento della diffusione del COVID-19 nei cantieri

Country Italy , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 04 May 2020
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace
– Occupational health and safety
Author Lisa Dorigatti (University of Milan) and Eurofound
Measure added 28 September 2020 (updated 30 July 2021)

Background information

Following up the decree no. six issued on 23 February 2020, on 26 April 2020 the Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte outlined a new plan to ease the lockdown restrictions imposed to curb the spread of the COVID-19 infections. Measures will be relaxed from 4 May 2020.

Together with these measures the government negotiated a protocol agreement, included as annex (no. seven) to the decree, with trade unions and employers' organisations on health and safety at work in the building sector for construction sites.

Content of measure

The protocol established specific rules in the building sector, to ensure a safe re-opening of the construction sites in the country. In particular it established the following provisions:

  • Information to workers regarding: the health and safety rules applied in the construction site, including the procedure to measure the temperature before accessing the site and the protocol to apply in case of COVID-19 related symptomatology of a worker
  • Rules for the access to the construction site of external providers, especially for the transport of goods and people
  • Protocol for the sanitation and the proper cleaning of the construction site (in particular of shared spaces as changing rooms, toilets and instruments)
  • Rules for the personal hygiene and the correct use of individual protective equipment
  • Rules for a safe use of the shared spaces, in particular canteens and changing rooms
  • Rules for the organisation of work schedules and workers turnover to prevent assemblages


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

29 July 2021

The measure is still in place.

Use of measure

The protocol applied to all the constructions sites located in the country, both private as well as public ones, which were ongoing during the COVID-19 emergency phase.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Sector specific set of companies
Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Trade unions
Employers' organisations
No special funding required

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative Agreed (outcome) incl. social partner initiative
Form Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies Consultation through tripartite or bipartite social dialogue bodies

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Social partners jointly
  • Main level of involvement: Sectoral or branch level


The protocol was negotiated by the Ministry for Infrastructure and Transport and by the Ministry for Labour and Social Policies on the government sites, together with the main employers' organisations in the construction sector (ANCI, UPI, Anas S.p.A., RFI, ANCE, Alleanza delle Cooperative) and the largest trade unions (Feneal Uil, Filca –CISL, and Fillea CGIL). The most representative social partners were involved, signing the main national collective agreement in the sector.

Views and reactions

The social partners are satisfied with the provisions included in the protocol, negotiated during the peak of the COVID-19 emergency. It allowed, in fact, to safely re-open the construction sites, restarting the productive activities for many companies in the building sector. At the same time, it enabled to safeguard the jobs and the income levels of the workforce in the sector, by restarting the on-site activities by ensuring a safe and health workplace.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      F - Construction F41 Construction of buildings
      F42 Civil engineering
      F43 Specialised construction activities

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 26 April 2020: Ministry for Labour and Social Policies


Eurofound (2020), Protocol for the containment of the COVID-19 spread in the construction sites, measure IT-2020-19/1192 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.