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Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure IT-2009-48/1866 – measures in Italy

Social fund for employment and training

Fondo sociale per occupazione e formazione

Country Italy , applies nationwide
Time period Temporary, 28 November 2009 – 31 December 2022
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
Author Anna Mori (University of MIlan)
Measure added 14 April 2021 (updated 10 May 2021)

Background information

The Law Decree no. 185, issued on 29 November 2008, converted, with amendments, into the Law no. 2, issue on 28 January 2009 established the creation of the Social Fund for Employment and Training. The Fund aims to financing extraordinary measures of active employment policy and training policies to support employment levels. The Law Decree no. 41, issued on 22 March 2021, the so-called “Support decree” provided additional extraordinary financial resources to sustain employment levels during the COVID-19 emergency.

Content of measure

The Social Fund for Employment and Training was established to finance a wide array of measures and interventions to sustain employment levels and to promote activation including:

  • initiatives for the exercise of the right and duty to education and training;
  • training activities related to apprenticeship;
  • training internship grants for young people;
  • incentives for the re-employment of workers over 50 years old;
  • incentives and initiatives in favour of workers involved in socially useful activities;
  • intervention in favour of so-called “forced retired” workers;
  • tax reductions applying to projects to reduce working hours;
  • incentives for journalists’ early retirement.

The Law Decree no. 41, issued on 22 March 2021, the so-called “Support decree” provided additional extraordinary financial resources to sustain employment levels during the COVID-19 emergency. At the article no. 9, it provided for €400 million for the year 2021, and €80 million for the year 2022.

Use of measure

Information not available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Applies to all workers Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement No involvement
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Unknown
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


The social partners have not been involved. The measure provides for an additional fund to sustain initiatives where the social partners might be involved at the company level.

Views and reactions

Social partners are expected to be supportive, given the fact that the measure introduce extraordinary financial resources provided by the central government to sustain employment levels and training.


  • 22 March 2021: DECRETO-LEGGE 22 marzo 2021, n. 41 Misure urgenti in materia di sostegno alle imprese e agli operatori economici, di lavoro, salute e servizi territoriali, connesse all'emergenza da COVID-19 (


Eurofound (2021), Social fund for employment and training, measure IT-2009-48/1866 (measures in Italy), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.