Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure IE-2022-17/2408 – Updated – measures in Ireland
|Country||Ireland , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 22 April 2022 – 22 April 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
|Author||Roisin Farelly (IRN Publishing) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||23 May 2022 (updated 28 February 2023)|
Under the Temporary Protection Directive, Ukrainian citizens, refugees from Ukraine, stateless people who lived in Ukraine and family members of these groups - who fled Ukraine on or after the 24 February - can work and access services and benefits in Ireland immediately.
They can also live in Ireland for one year under the Temporary Protection Directive.
On 5 May 2022, Minister for for Children, Equality, Disability, Integration and Youth Roderic O’Gorman said that more than 27,300 Ukrainians had arrived in Ireland with 18,000 of those requiring accommodation from the State.
In March the Government established three hubs in different cities to support newly arriving Ukrainian nationals. The ‘Ukraine Support Centres’ in Dublin, Cork and Limerick have been established to assist Ukrainians in obtaining Personal Public Service (PPS) numbers (this is a unique reference number that is needed to access social welfare benefits and public services), availing of Social Welfare income supports, and receiving referrals to other State services.
Of these 27,300 people, it is reported that up to 80% are women or children and the majority of children are primary school age or younger.
Approximately 14,000 are of working age and 1,380 now have at least one job. The majority of these jobs, 732, are in the accommodation and food sector, with 234 jobs in wholesale and retail, according to the figures from the Revenue reported in the Irish Times.
Barriers to recognition of professional qualifications by Irish accrediting bodies, lack of childcare and unstable accommodation are proving to be barriers to labour market access for newly arrived Ukrainians, according to a report in the Irish Times.
A report published in the Irish Times said: There are 7,155 people from Ukraine at work in at least one job, according to figures from the Revenue. The figures that as of 15 August, a total of 8,083 employments have been registered by 3,223 employers. The 7,155 people in work, some with multiple jobs, are individuals who have an active employment under the Temporary Protection Directive for those fleeing the war in Ukraine. They do not include Ukrainian nationals who may have been in employment in Ireland prior to the outbreak of the war. The accommodation and food services sector has the highest number of jobs filled by Ukrainian refugees, with 3,587 in employment across hotels, restaurants and pubs. The figures show 1,098 jobs in the wholesale and retail sector being filled by Ukrainians as well as 660 jobs in manufacturing. Some 548 Ukrainians are working in administrative and support services and 359 are in construction.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Eurofound (2022), Ukrainian refugees have full access to labour market, social services and benefits under Temporary Protection Directive, measure IE-2022-17/2408 (measures in Ireland), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/IE-2022-17_2408.html
30 January 2023
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Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.