Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure HU-2022-9/2399 – Updated – measures in Hungary
|Country||Hungary , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 24 February 2022 – 25 November 2023|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Protection of vulnerable groups (beyond employment support)
|Author||Nóra Krokovay (KOPINT-Tárki) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||22 May 2022 (updated 19 June 2023)|
The first Hungarian Asylum Law came into force in 1998 and included temporary protection status, but the Hungarian government has never applied it until now. Based on government decree 86/2022 (III.7.), temporary protection applies to:
Temporary protection status granted by Hungary lasts for the time included in the decree until 31 May 2022. But under EU law, temporary protection must be granted for one year, which means that the Hungarian government will have to extend the time of temporary protection.
Beneficiaries of temporary protection have the right to:
Those under temporary protection can still apply for refugee status. Hungarian citizens fleeing Ukraine are entitled to the same rights listed above, unless they are entitled to better options as Hungarian citizens (this mainly concerns health-care services).
Under government decree 87/2022, Ukrainian refugees are also exempt from paying tourism tax when paying for accommodation in Hungary.
Estimates for the number of refugees in Hungary from Ukraine range between 324,397 (UN statistics) and 540,000 (Hungarian government), but it is not known how many people will stay in Hungary in the longer term.
According to data from the National Directorate General for Aliens, just under 18,596 people applied for asylum status so far and 7,749 people applied for temporary protection status. Some of the reasons for the non-uptake is that many people stay as tourists or are unaware of the benefits of the temporary protection status or how to apply. By December 2022 a total of 32,850 applications for temporary protection were filed in Hungary by Ukrainians fleeing the war, of which 28,379 were approved.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
EU (Council, EC, EP)
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Measures were discussed at a dedicated meeting of the Permanent Consultation Forum of the Private Sector and the Government (VKF), a tripartite body of representatives of employers, employees and the government, in May 2022.
The National Economic and Social Council ( Nemzeti Gazdasági és Társadalmi Tanács , NGTT) held a meeting on April 28 dedicated to humanitarian aid in connection with the refugees of the war in Ukraine.
The parties present at the VKF meeting agreed to support measures taken to help refugees from Ukraine.
Eurofound (2022), Temporary protection status for Ukrainian refugees, measure HU-2022-9/2399 (measures in Hungary), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/HU-2022-9_2399.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.