Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure HU-2022-12/2445 – Updated – measures in Hungary
|Country||Hungary , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 18 March 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Measures to prevent social hardship
– Other humanitarian measures
|Author||Nóra Krokovay (KOPINT-Tárki) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||03 June 2022 (updated 17 April 2023)|
On 18 March 2022 the Hungarian government published a website with information for people who want to help Ukrainian refugees. The site is titled 'How can I help Ukrainian refugees?' It is also revealed on the website that the government funds the Bridge for Transcarpathia ( Híd Kárpátaljáért ) campaign which is a grouping of six charities working on support for Ukraine. The campaign is mentioned in parliamentary declaration 1/2022 published on 10 March.
Many other NGOs outside the government's support scope are also organising aid for Ukrainian refugees.
The site starts with the message: "Would you help refugees from Ukraine with food? Can you help with interpretation? Provide accommodation? Would you volunteer? All information in one place. The site lists the six charities involved in the campaign and the coordination centres where material donations can be dropped off. The six organisations are: Catholic Charity, Hungarian Reformed-Church Relief Service, Hungarian Maltese Relief Service, Baptist Relief Service, Hungarian Ecumenical Aid Organisation, and the Hungarian Red Cross. The Bridge for Transcarpathia campaign calls attention to the nearly 200,000 ethnic Hungarians, many of whom have dual Hungarian-Ukrainian citizenship, who live in western Ukraine.
Hungary had already spent €5.4 million in humanitarian aid for those fleeing Ukraine, and had earmarked €8.1 million to help support six charities in their aid work, government spokesman Zoltán Kovacs told the Guardian in March 2022. By 24 March the government campaign incorporating six charities received "several ten million forints" for their aims of distributing food, shelter and other humanitarian aid to refugees. Donations to the government helpline stood at HUF 784 million (€2 million) by the end of March, according to Magyar Nemzet .
Miklós Soltész, Minister at the Prime Minister's Office responsible for Church and Nationality Relations said in parliament in December 2022 that the number of Ukrainian refugees in Hungary has reached one million, with nearly 200,000 people applying for temporary residence; 855 solidarity rail tickets were issued for crossing the border, nearly 3,000 tonnes of food, medical and other supplies were delivered to Ukraine. All this was provided by the Bridge for Transcarpathia Charity," he said, the public media website hirado.hu reported.
On 8 March 2023 Soltész said that the Hungarian government extended HUF 3 billion (€7.89 million) to the aid programmes for displaced people from Ukraine last year, and residential donations amounted to an additional HUF 1 billion. The UNHCR also signed a contract for HUF 2.5 billion in support with the six charities involved in the Bridge to Transcarpathia programme.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
No involvement was reported.
Social partners in general expressed support for the government's efforts to help refugees fleeing Ukraine. No other specific views or proposals were made.
Eurofound (2022), Government information page and support for charities for Ukraine, measure HU-2022-12/2445 (measures in Hungary), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/HU-2022-12_2445.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.