European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure HU-2006-40/2471 Updated – measures in Hungary

Short Term Labour Market Forecast

Rövid távú munkaerőpiaci prognózis

Country Hungary , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 01 October 2006
Context Restructuring Support Instruments
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery into a green future
– Other
Author Nóra Krokovay (KOPINT-Tárki) and Eurofound
Measure added 23 June 2022 (updated 22 November 2022)

Background information

The Institute for Economic and Enterprise Research of the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MKIK GVI) in cooperation with the Ministry of Innovation and Technology (previously with the Ministry of Finance) carry out short-term (one-year) forecasts of labour market changes, providing information on macro-economic indicators, current and expected business situation, characteristics of employment, and labour shortage.

The results of the short-term labour market forecast survey are representative of Hungarian entreprises in terms of geographic location, economic sector, and number of employees. 

The survey results are used to analyse the current situation of the Hungarian labour market and to make predictions on the short-term future trends.

Content of measure

Until 2021, one survey was conducted every year. Since then, the survey is conducted twice a year. The research also provides a forecast of expected changes in labour demand for different types of enterprises at the regional level. These projections are useful to companies for monitoring short-term labour market trends, and to the national government, in planning and preparing for shifts in the labour market. Labour demand forecasts are important indicators for economic cycle projections, too.

The research is financed by the Hungarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, based on an agreement with the National Office for Vocational and Adult Education.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

15 July 2021

Until 2021, one survey was conducted every year. Since then, the survey is conducted twice a year.

Use of measure

In the spring 2022 a total of 5600 companies took part in this representative survey regarding predicted staff levels in the year ahead.

It is a long-time series and produces comparable survey results: the survey has been conducted since 2011 with unchanged content.

The forecast only focuses on the changes in the following year, while longer-term changes in the Hungarian labour market are currently not considered.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Employers' organisations
Public employment service
Employers organisation
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Unknown Unknown
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • Only employers' organisations
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level



Views and reactions



  • 03 February 2007: MMPP - English-language homepage of the labour market forecast (
  • 15 July 2022: Short-term labour market forecast for 2023 (spring (


Eurofound (2022), Short Term Labour Market Forecast, measure HU-2006-40/2471 (measures in Hungary), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.