European Foundation
for the Improvement of
Living and Working Conditions

The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist
in the development of better social, employment and
work-related policies

EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure HR-2022-7/2175 Updated – measures in Croatia

COVID-19 self-testing by pupils and students in primary and secondary schools

Samo testiranje učenika u osnovnim i srednjim školama protiv COVID-19

Country Croatia , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 09 February 2022
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Protection of workers, adaptation of workplace
– Occupational health and safety
Author Predrag Bejakovic (IJF)
Measure added 11 February 2022 (updated 01 September 2022)

Background information

As many pupils and students in primary and secondary schools suffered from the COVID-19 pandemics, according to the decision by the Civil Protection Headquarters and the Instruction by the Ministry of Science and Education, rapid antigen tests would be delivered to schools, after which the schools distribute the tests to parents or guardians or students.

Content of measure

Testing is conducted once a week by a parent, guardian, or student on Sunday evening or Monday morning. If the test result is positive, information about the positive test is reported to the educational institution's selected family doctor or pediatrician. All students with a negative result continue to attend classes regularly, and if they test positive, they do not come to school. Testing is repeated for the entire class in which positive test results are determined the first day after a student receives a positive COVID test. The distribution of tests had begun, what is according to the Minister of education, a de facto process of abolishing self-isolation for students so that all those who are not ill are in school. This is not a step towards mandatory testing or vaccination. The first part of the tests, about 300,000, went to Dalmatia on 8 February 2022, primarily to the islands, as it is a bit more challenging to distribute there. The rest, up to a million, were expected to arrive at civil protection warehouses on 9 February 2022, and the moment these tests were received, they immediately moved on to schools.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

18 August 2022

The new school year in Croatia starts on 5 September 2022, and according to information obtained from the Ministry of Science and Education, no COVID-19 protocols will be in place at the beginning of the school year. At the beginning of the previous school year, students were required to measure their body temperature and protective masks were obligatory. Such rules will not be applied at the start of the 2022-2023 school year. However, some of the earlier recommendations, will continue to be in effect. These include regular cleaning and airing of classrooms. If a student tests positive for coronavirus, they must be put in isolation, while all other children, who are their close contacts, can continue attending school. The protective masks will not be mandatory for anyone. In fact, they are not recommended for children of preschool age and students of the first four grades of elementary schools. Others, especially adults, can continue to wear masks if they feel they need them. Masks are recommended for people with chronic diseases. If there are no new pressures on the education system due to a possible new wave of the epidemic, classes should therefore start as normal. Keep the duration of the school hour at the traditional 45 minutes, instead of the epidemiological 40, due to the need to clean and disinfect the school premises between the two shifts.

10 February 2022

The Ministry of Science and Education answered to 46 various questions on implementation of the student self-testing. The goal of student self-testing is to increase the probability of holding classes in person, on the school premises, for as long as possible by abolishing self-isolation measures (quarantine). An additional goal is to reduce the risk of spreading Covid-19 in school and the family. The regular self-testing measure is voluntary. However, for its successful and effective implementation, it is important that as many students as possible participate in regular self-testing. The distribution of the tests in schools has already begun, and principals received instructions to implement the measure. Each student now receives two tests, and testing is done on Sunday before bed or Monday morning. Students who have been vaccinated with two or who have been vaccinated and then vaccinated with one dose, i.e. those who have been quarantined, can be tested as others or are tested only when a positive case occurs in the classroom. In the answers, the Ministry explained how the self-testing is conducted. If the testing result is positive, the student stays at home.

Use of measure

By the end of the week 11 February or early Monday 14 February, all schools will have tests available. If the number of positive infected dropped significantly in February 2022, the testing would be performed only in those classes when it is ordered. After that, it would be ordered when a positive case occurs. Responsible the Civil Protection Headquarters and the Ministry of Science and Education would go for the complete abolition of both testing and self-isolation if the data from the field justify it.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Does not apply to workers Does not apply to businesses Children (minors)

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role No involvement as case not in social partner domain No involvement as case not in social partner domain
Form Not applicable Not applicable

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: N/A


Due to the nature of the measure, social partners were not involved.

Views and reactions

The representative of the Teachers' Trade Union (TTU) express a harsh critique of the announced self-testing of students. This is a measure that aims to reduce the number of self-isolations in schools, but TTU warns of possible problems that could arise during the implementation of the measure. According to their opinion, the measure is questionable both in terms of the epidemiological point of view and the financial one. Secondly, it is impossible to control it. Some parents let the sick children into the school and according to TTU this behaviour cannot be prevented with self-testing.

Sectors and occupations

    • Economic area Sector (NACE level 2)
      P - Education P85 Education

This case is not occupation-specific.


  • 09 February 2022: Kako će izgledati samotestiranje učenika (How the self-testing of the students will look loke) (
  • 10 February 2022: Ministarstvo odgovorilo na 46 pitanja o testiranju učenika (The Ministry responsed to 46 questions related to student self-testing (
  • 18 August 2022: Škole neće uvoditi nova ograničenja vezana uz Covid-19 (Schools will not introduce any new Covid-19 restrictions) (


Eurofound (2022), COVID-19 self-testing by pupils and students in primary and secondary schools, measure HR-2022-7/2175 (measures in Croatia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


Eurofound publications based on EU PolicyWatch

30 January 2023


Measures to lessen the impact of the inflation and energy crisis on citizens

Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.


12 September 2022


First responses to cushion the impact of inflation on citizens

Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.


12 September 2022


Policies to support EU companies affected by the war in Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.


5 July 2022


Policies to support refugees from Ukraine

This article summarises the first policy responses of EU Member States, including those of the social partners and other civil society actors, enabling refugees to exercise their rights under the Temporary Protection Directive.


Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.