Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure HR-2022-13/2746 – Updated – measures in Croatia
, applies locally
|Time period||Open ended, started on 21 March 2022|
|Context||War in Ukraine|
|Type||Other initiatives or policies|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Author||Predrag Bejakovic (IJF)|
|Measure added||08 August 2022 (updated 17 April 2023)|
One of the most important hindrances for the successful inclusion of refuges from Ukraine is the lack of Croatian language knowledge. In many cities around Croatia, like for example, in Buzet, Osijek, Varaždin, Zagreb, Rijeka, Split and Zadar, free Croatian language courses were prepared for refugees from war-affected Ukraine, who found temporary accommodation in Croatia. The courses are organized mostly by various Open Universities or foreign language schools and with the financial support of the local governments and the Red Cross Society.
The basic courses vary from 30 to 50 school hours. The courses for beginners are mostly held three times a week, during June and July 2022, according to the "Croatian language for foreigners" program. Free Croatian language courses are important and necessary, especially since the labor market offers a large number of seasonal jobs where Ukrainians could also be employed. Croats would like their new fellow citizens to integrate into the local environment as painlessly as possible. Therefore, the goal is to reduce the language barrier, making it easier for refuges from Ukraine to successfully communicate and solve their basic needs and any problems they encounter.
In Buzet there were fifteen participants, in Zadar thirty, and in bigger cities like Split and Zagreb even more. The course leaders are mostly professors of Croatian languages, while in Buzet it is a professor of Ukrainian, Russian and Croatian language, translator and court interpreter from Rijeka. She is originally from Ukraine, and came to Croatia to study in 1996 and has remained here until today. If there are people interested in additional learning of the Croatian language at a higher level, organizers are willing to continue the courses in the fall.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||
Migrants or refugees
Local / regional government
Public support service providers
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement as case not in social partner domain||No involvement as case not in social partner domain|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Due to the nature of the measure, social partners were not directly involved. However, employers are very satisfied with the possibility to find a new workers due to the fact that there is a huge labor force shortage in Croatia, particularly on the seasonal jobs in tourism and hospitality sector.
Although social partners were not directly involved due to the nature of the measure, they are always very supportive to all activities targeted to aid refugees from Ukraine. The Economic and Social Council (ESC) on 21 March 2022, gave full support to the Government's efforts in activities related to the reception, care and integration of Ukrainian refugees into Croatian society and the labour market, and a stronger involvement of social partners at the county level was agreed.
Eurofound (2022), Free Croatian language courses for Ukrainian refugees, measure HR-2022-13/2746 (measures in Croatia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/HR-2022-13_2746.html
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