Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure HR-2022-11/2766 – measures in Croatia
|Country||Croatia , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 07 March 2022|
|Context||Green Transition, Digital Transformation|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Promoting the economic, labour market and social recovery
– Active labour market policies (enhancing employability, training, subsidised job creation, etc.)
|Author||Predrag Bejakovic (IJF) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||21 August 2022 (updated 05 September 2022)|
Subsidized employment can be a form of equalization of opportunities for employment of vulnerable groups so that they become more attractive to employers, although they are at a disadvantageous position in the labor market. It is hoped that the productivity of such workers will increase with time so that their jobs when subsidies stop, but there is no a guarantee. If the job is permanently linked to lower productivity, it usually turns off when stimulus stops. They have been applied in Croatia for a longer time, but since 7 March 2022 they are also used for green and digital jobs.
The goal of the measure is to train unemployed persons for independent work by encouraging their employment through co-financing employers’ expenses in the amount of gross wages and other costs. Eligible for the green and digital training subsidies are unemployed persons registered at the Croatian Employment Service (CES) who are employed for the first time in the profession for which they were educated. Traineeship lasts, as a rule, no longer than one year, if the special law does not stipulate otherwise, in order to obtain the conditions for passing the training exam in that profession. If the law stipulates otherwise, the training cannot be co-financed for a longer period than 24 months. The CES awards a monthly flat-rate subsidy of HRH 3,430 (€456) for persons with secondary education and HRK 4.290 (€570) for persons with tertiary education.
According to the Statistical Bulletin No. 7 (Mjesecni statisticki bilten) by the Croatian Employment Service (Table 25, page 52) in the first seven months of 2022, 41 persons got the Green and digital traineeship subsidies, of which 13 obtained it in July 2022. It could be expected that the interest for the Subsidy will increase with time.
||Applies to all businesses||
Other groups of citizens
Public employment service
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Although social partners were not directly included in the design of the measure, indirectly they participated because representatives of social partners are members of the Croatian Employment Service Governing Board which concludes on the characteristics of the active labor market measures.
Social partners in Croatia fully support all measures directed towards the transition to green and/or digital economy as well as successful inclusion of vulnerable groups into the labor market.
Eurofound (2022), Green and digital traineeship subsidies, measure HR-2022-11/2766 (measures in Croatia), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/HR-2022-11_2766.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.