Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure GR-2021-49/2917 – measures in Greece
|Greece , applies nationwide
|Temporary, 01 December 2021 – 30 June 2022
|War in Ukraine
|Legislations or other statutory regulations
– Support for energy bills
|Penny Georgiadou (INE GSEE)
|16 September 2022 (updated 05 October 2022)
As a respond to the crisis, caused by the war in Ukraine and the large increases in energy prices, the Greek government announced on 5 Μay 2022 a new National Support Programme, aimed at assisting low income households for their electricity consumption.
In this context, an "emergency" financial support scheme in order to cover part of household electricity bills was announced. The measure was introduced by the Article 36 of the National Climate Law No. 4936 on 27 May 2022 (in the section of regulations to address the energy crisis). The financial support to households (named "Power pass") concerns the coverage of part of the increase in the cost of electricity consumption (60%). The assistance initially scheduled to cover the period from December 2021 until May 2022.
Afterwards, with a new law No. 4964 (article 81), the subsidy expanded to cover also June 2022.
The new Law Nο. 4936 of 2022, as specified by the Decision No. 3365 (Government Gazette B 2827 on 6 June 2022), provides for the extraordinary financial support "Power Pass" of households to cover part of the increase in electricity bills. According to the law:
On 30 July 2022, the article 81 of Law No. 4964 extended the application of the measure for June 2022.
According to various Press publications, on 15 July, after the submission of applications and the processing of the data it was found that:
The amount after the extension of the subsidy for the month of June 2022 is expected to approach €300 million.
|Does not apply to workers
|Does not apply to businesses
People on low incomes
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
There is no involvement of social partners.
In general, the support package announced by the government to address energy price increases was positively accepted by the market organizations and their organisations. More specifically:
GSEVEE (national social partner, representing small and medium-sized enterprises) considered that the measures announced by the government to address the price increases in the energy market "relieve the small and medium-sized enterprises and households" but they "fall short as regards the real needs".
ESEE (national social partner, representating commerce) considered that the measures will absorb a large part of the shock created by the energy crisis, but there is, at the same time, a need for a comprehensive and long-term solution of support from the EU.
Similar views were expressed by the other employers' / professional organizations, such as the Economic Chamber of Greece, the Central Union of Chambers of Greece, the Professional Chamber of Athens, the Athens Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Thessaloniki Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
According to them, the interventions announced by the Government in May 2022 to address the energy crisis for the budgets of households and businesses are considered positive and important. However, they are pointed out that there should be no complacency regarding the wave of price increases and that there is an imperative need for a comprehensive European solution.
Eurofound (2022), Power pass: emergency financial support for household electricity, measure GR-2021-49/2917 (measures in Greece), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/GR-2021-49_2917.html
30 January 2023
Governments across the EU continue to implement policies to support citizens and businesses in the face of rising food and energy prices caused by the COVID-19 crisis and intensified by the war in Ukraine. This article summarises the policy responses as reported in Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch database from January to September 2022.Article
12 September 2022
Although the worldwide pandemic situation had already disrupted supply chains and triggered increases in energy and food prices in 2021, the situation deteriorated in 2022 with the Russian invasion of Ukraine.Article
12 September 2022
This article summarises the first policy responses that governments across the EU have started to implement to support companies affected by the rising prices, and those with commercial ties to Ukraine, Russia or Belarus.Article
Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.