Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure GR-2021-36/2379 – Updated – measures in Greece
|Country||Greece , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Open ended, started on 01 September 2021|
|Context||COVID-19, War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Responses to inflation
– Support for energy bills
|Author||Penny Georgiadou (INE GSEE)|
|Measure added||20 May 2022 (updated 26 September 2022)|
One of the most important consequences of the international crisis caused by the pandemic and the war in Ukraine is the increase in the price of energy, which has disproportionately burdened family budgets.
In this context, the Greek government has taken measures to subsidize the electricity of domestic consumers and consumers of special tariffs (CTO - social residential tariff and TIA - Solidarity Services’ Tariff). A series of Joint Ministerial Decisions (KYA) of the Ministers of Finance and Energy provided for the financing of electricity for the period from September 2021 to March 2022, which are detailed.
The measure was extended by newer Ministerial Decisions for April and May 2022.
Regarding the period from September to December 2021, the electricity subsidy is granted to all the beneficiaries for the consumption of the first 300 MWh of each month as follows:
For the period from January to March 2022 the following apply:
The subsidy is deducted from the electricity bill.
According to the Minister of Environment and Energy, the state subsidy of electricity for households in February 2022 amounts about to €150 million and concerns all the energy supplies of the main residence, approximately 4.2 million supplies.
On 25 July 2022, the Minister of Energy announced the extension of the subsidy on electricity bills for August 2022 for households. The subsidy for main and non-main residences amounts to €337 per MWh for the entire monthly consumption and regardless income criteria. Due to this measure, the subsidy covered 90% of the increase in electricity. For the beneficiaries of CTO (having a special social electricity tariff), the subsidy amounts to €377 per MWh and covers almost the 100% of the increase.
On 23 August 2022, the Minister of Energy announced the extension of the subsidy on electricity bills for September 2022 for households. The subsidy for main and non-main residences amounts to €639 per MWh for the entire monthly consumption and regardless income criteria. Due to this measure, the 94% of the increase in electricity is covered by the subsidy. For the beneficiaries of CTO (having a special social electricity tariff), the subsidy amounts to €677 per MWh and covers almost the 100% of the increase. The measure covers approximately six million households and the total amount of the subsidy for September amounts to €748 million.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||Applies to all citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Role||No involvement||No involvement|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
There was no involvement of social partners.
There were no social partner's reactions to the measure detected.
Eurofound (2022), Electricity subsidy for consumers, measure GR-2021-36/2379 (measures in Greece), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/GR-2021-36_2379.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.