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EU PolicyWatch

Database of national-level policy measures

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

Factsheet for measure FR-2022-36/2882 Updated – measures in France

Reduction in compensation for vulnerable employees in short-time scheme

Réduction de la prise en charge de l’indemnisation des salariés vulnérables en activité partiell

Country France , applies nationwide
Time period Open ended, started on 01 September 2022
Context COVID-19
Type Legislations or other statutory regulations
Category Employment protection and retention
– Income support for people in employment (e.g., short-time work)
Author Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound
Measure added 14 September 2022 (updated 28 February 2023)

Background information

In view of the continuing circulation of COVID-19, the Amending Finance Act for 2022 of 16 August reactivated, as of 1 September 2022, the specific system allowing employees with a proven risk of developing a serious form of COVID-19 and who are unable to work, including remotely, to be placed on short-time working.

Content of measure

According to a decree of 30 August 2022, the rate of short-time working allowances paid to vulnerable employees remains 70% of the previous gross salary, while the rate of the allowance reimbursed to employers is reduced from 70% to 60% of the previous gross salary, resulting in a remaining cost of 15% for employers.

The level of compensation paid by employers to their vulnerable employees placed in short-time working remains unchanged. The decree of 30 August 2022 maintains the hourly rate of their short-time working indemnity at 70% of the gross remuneration used as a basis for paid leave indemnity (approximately 84% of net salary), up to a ceiling set at 4.5 times the legal minimum wage (SMIC) per hour.

Employers obliged to use this specific system benefit from the same coverage as in the case of long-term short-time working (APLD) and must bear a remaining cost corresponding to 15% of the indemnities paid.


The following updates to this measure have been made after it came into effect.

27 October 2022

The procedure for placing vulnerable employees at risk of developing a serious form of COVID-19 infection in partial activity is renewed from 1 October 2022. A decree of 27 October 2022 repeats almost identically the identification criteria applicable under the previous partial activity scheme specific to vulnerable employees (set by decree no. 2021-1162 of 8 September 2021). These are linked to the age of the employee or the nature of the pathology he or she is suffering from. For some of them, eligibility for the scheme will also depend on the possibility of putting in place reinforced protective measures within the company.

Use of measure

No data available.

Target groups

Workers Businesses Citizens
Employees in standard employment
Workers in non-standard forms of employment
Applies to all businesses Does not apply to citizens

Actors and funding

Actors Funding
National government
Company / Companies
Social insurance
National funds

Social partners

Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:

Trade unions Employers' organisations
Role Consulted Consulted
Form Direct consultation outside a formal body Direct consultation outside a formal body

Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:

  • No involvement
  • Main level of involvement: Peak or cross-sectoral level


No information. Some social partners have probably been consulted in the framework of direct and informal consultation with the Ministry of Labour.

Views and reactions

No information.


  • 08 September 2021: Décret n° 2021-1162 du 8 septembre 2021 pris pour l'application de l'article 20 de la loi n° 2020-473 du 25 avril 2020 de finances rectificative pour 2020 (
  • 16 August 2022: Loi n° 2022-1157 du 16 août 2022 de finances rectificative pour 2022 (
  • 30 August 2022: Décret n° 2022-1195 du 30 août 2022 relatif à la détermination des taux et modalités de calcul de l'indemnité et de l'allocation d'activité partielle pour les salariés reconnus comme vulnérables et présentant un risque avéré de développer une forme grave d'infection au virus de la covid-19 (
  • 27 October 2022: Décret n° 2022-1369 du 27 octobre 2022 relatif aux personnes vulnérables présentant un risque avéré de développer une forme grave d'infection au virus de la covid-19 (


Eurofound (2022), Reduction in compensation for vulnerable employees in short-time scheme, measure FR-2022-36/2882 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin,


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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.