Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.
Factsheet for measure FR-2022-36/2868 – measures in France
|Country||France , applies nationwide|
|Time period||Temporary, 01 September 2022 – 31 December 2023|
|Context||COVID-19, War in Ukraine|
|Type||Legislations or other statutory regulations|
Responses to inflation
– Increasing income in general
|Author||Frédéric Turlan (IRshare) and Eurofound|
|Measure added||14 September 2022 (updated 17 September 2022)|
In addition to the increase in social benefits , the government has taken several other measures to improve the purchasing power of people on low incomes as an exceptional allowance of €100 plus €50 per child, the increase of housing benefit and the abolition of the public broadcasting contribution which is for all citizens. Some measures (some were created during the COVID-19 crisis) focus also on students.
Exceptional assistance An exceptional allowance of €100 will be paid from 15 September to households receiving minimum social benefits such as the RSA, the disabled adults' allowance (AAH) or the solidarity allowance for the elderly, housing allowances and precarious students (scholarship students), plus an additional €50 per dependent child.
Housing Benefit To limit the impact of inflation on household budgets, the law of 16 August 2022 on emergency measures to protect purchasing power provides for certain measures to curb rent increases. A "rent shield" designed to cap rent increases at a maximum of 3.5% is being introduced for one year, until 30 June 2023. Housing benefits are being increased by 3.5% with retroactive effect to 1 July 2022.
Abolition of the public broadcasting contribution In order to improve the purchasing power of the French in a context of rising inflation, the public audiovisual contribution (CAP) payable by individuals and professionals who own a television set will be abolished from 2022.
No tax notice will therefore be sent out in the autumn and the 6.2 million monthly households that are already exempt from the taxe d'habitation on their main residence will receive a refund of the instalments of this contribution paid since the beginning of the year. This tax reduction represents a gain in purchasing power of €138 for households in metropolitan France and €88 in the overseas departments.
Support for students The "1 euro meal" for precarious students (students on grants or receiving annual CROUS aid), introduced in 2020 during the COVID-19 crisis, is maintained for the 2022-2023 academic year. Students will therefore be able to access meals for €1 in all university restaurants. In addition, from 15 September 2022, student grants based on social criteria will be increased by 4%.
|Does not apply to workers||Does not apply to businesses||Applies to all citizens|
Social partners' role in designing the measure and form of involvement:
|Trade unions||Employers' organisations|
|Form||Not applicable||Not applicable|
Social partners' role in the implementation, monitoring and assessment phase:
Peak level organisation have been informed, maybe formally consulted, but these measures are not fully in the scope of social dialogue.
About all the measures adopted to increase the purchase power of workers, all the trade union organisations, and in particular the five representative trade union confederations and the organisations representing young people, denounced, in a declaration of 21 July, the legislative measures announced by the government.
They consider 'that wages are part of the sharing of wealth' and they 'are unanimous on the fact that the priority issue must be to increase wages, pensions, minimum social benefits and student grants'. However, the trade unions denounce the fact that 'a succession of one-off measures, mainly financed by the State, cannot constitute a sufficient package to respond to the emergency'. Moreover, the trade unions and youth organisations point out that 'these exemptions and reductions in contributions are undermining our collective social protection system'.
Employers’ organisation have not reacted to these measures.
Eurofound (2022), Increase in social benefits, measure FR-2022-36/2868 (measures in France), EU PolicyWatch, Dublin, https://static.eurofound.europa.eu/covid19db/cases/FR-2022-36_2868.html
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Disclaimer: This information has not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.